The Collaborative IPD of Sleep and Stillbirth (Cribss): is maternal going-to-sleep position a risk factor for late stillbirth and does maternal sleep position interact with fetal vulnerability? An individual participant data meta-analysis study protocol

Minglan Li, John MD Thompson, Robin S Cronin, Adrienne Gordon, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Alexander EP Heazell, Tomasina Stacey, Vicki Culling, Victoria Bowring, Edwin A Mitchell, Lesley Me Mccowan, Lisa Askie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Accumulating evidence has shown an association between maternal supine going-to-sleep position and stillbirth in late pregnancy. Advising women not to go-to-sleep on their back can potentially reduce late stillbirth rate by 9%. However, the association between maternal right-sided going-to-sleep position and stillbirth is inconsistent across studies. Furthermore, individual studies are underpowered to investigate interactions between maternal going-to-sleep position and fetal vulnerability, which is potentially important for producing clear and tailored public health messages on safe going-to-sleep position. We will use individual participant data (IPD) from existing studies to assess whether right-side and supine going-to-sleep positions are independent risk factors for late stillbirth and to test the interaction between going-to-sleep position and fetal vulnerability.

Methods and analysis: An IPD meta-analysis approach will be used using the Cochrane Collaboration-endorsed methodology. We will identify case–control and prospective cohort studies and randomised trials which collected maternal going-to-sleep position data and pregnancy outcome data that included stillbirth. The primary outcome is stillbirth. A one stage procedure meta-analysis, stratified by study with adjustment of a priori confounders will be carried out.

Ethics and dissemination: The IPD meta-analysis has obtained central ethics approval from the New Zealand Health and Disability Ethics Committee, ref: NTX/06/05/054/AM06. Individual studies should also have ethical approval from relevant local ethics committees. Interpretation of the results will be discussed with consumer representatives. Results of the study will be published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at international conferences.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere020323
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes


Cite this