The development of a biorefining strategy for the production of biofuel from sorghum milling waste

Amina M. Ahmed El-Imam, Darren Greetham, Chenyu Du, Paul S. Dyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The potential of using sorghum milling waste for the development of a biorefining strategy for the production of bioethanol was investigated. Both red and white sorghum were processed using a traditional Nigerian wet-milling process to sorghum flour. The sorghum milling waste, sorghum bran, was hydrolysed using both enzymatic and dilute acid hydrolysis to produce a generable fermentation feedstock. The hydrolysates were subsequently investigated for fermentative biofuel production. Following a hydrolysis step, a medium containing ˜61 g/L glucose was obtained. Trace presence of inhibitors was detected in the hydrolysates and sufficient nitrogen content to support microorganism growth and bioethanol production. In test bioethanol production experiments using the sorghum milling waste derived hydrolysates only, 24.35 g/L bioethanol was produced by a yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus, equivalent to a yield of 0.15 g bioethanol per g of sorghum milling waste.

LanguageEnglish
Article number107288
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
Volume150
Early online date28 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2019

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Bioethanol
Sorghum
Biofuels
Hydrolysis
Kluyveromyces
Microorganisms
Yeast
Fermentation
Feedstocks
Glucose
Nitrogen
Flour
Acids
Yeasts
Experiments
Growth

Cite this

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title = "The development of a biorefining strategy for the production of biofuel from sorghum milling waste",
abstract = "The potential of using sorghum milling waste for the development of a biorefining strategy for the production of bioethanol was investigated. Both red and white sorghum were processed using a traditional Nigerian wet-milling process to sorghum flour. The sorghum milling waste, sorghum bran, was hydrolysed using both enzymatic and dilute acid hydrolysis to produce a generable fermentation feedstock. The hydrolysates were subsequently investigated for fermentative biofuel production. Following a hydrolysis step, a medium containing ˜61 g/L glucose was obtained. Trace presence of inhibitors was detected in the hydrolysates and sufficient nitrogen content to support microorganism growth and bioethanol production. In test bioethanol production experiments using the sorghum milling waste derived hydrolysates only, 24.35 g/L bioethanol was produced by a yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus, equivalent to a yield of 0.15 g bioethanol per g of sorghum milling waste.",
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The development of a biorefining strategy for the production of biofuel from sorghum milling waste. / Ahmed El-Imam, Amina M.; Greetham, Darren; Du, Chenyu; Dyer, Paul S.

In: Biochemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 150, 107288, 15.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Ahmed El-Imam, Amina M.

AU - Greetham, Darren

AU - Du, Chenyu

AU - Dyer, Paul S.

PY - 2019/10/15

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AB - The potential of using sorghum milling waste for the development of a biorefining strategy for the production of bioethanol was investigated. Both red and white sorghum were processed using a traditional Nigerian wet-milling process to sorghum flour. The sorghum milling waste, sorghum bran, was hydrolysed using both enzymatic and dilute acid hydrolysis to produce a generable fermentation feedstock. The hydrolysates were subsequently investigated for fermentative biofuel production. Following a hydrolysis step, a medium containing ˜61 g/L glucose was obtained. Trace presence of inhibitors was detected in the hydrolysates and sufficient nitrogen content to support microorganism growth and bioethanol production. In test bioethanol production experiments using the sorghum milling waste derived hydrolysates only, 24.35 g/L bioethanol was produced by a yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus, equivalent to a yield of 0.15 g bioethanol per g of sorghum milling waste.

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