The dyeing of nonwovens: An examination of the adsorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics

A. D. Hewitt, R. S. Blackburn, S. J. Russell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The dyeing behaviour of nonwoven materials is an increasingly important area of research that has been the subject of few studies compared to traditional textile materials. Further developments in the dyeing of nonwovens depend in part on improving understanding of the factors contributing to dye levelness in such porous structures and determining the influence of fabric structure on dyeing behaviour and dyed fabric uniformity. Studies concerning the coloration of hydroentangled fabrics are necessary given the increasing number and variety of applications in which dyed fabrics are required. This paper reports on a systematic experimental study of the dye sorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics with different fibre compositions with reference to textile control samples and the role of fabric structure on the observed dye adsorption. Adsorption behaviour influences the observed quality of dyeing, for example the levelness, which is particularly important in the dyeing of hydroentangled materials. In this study, comparative dyeings were performed on hydroentangled, knitted and woven fabrics composed of fibres and differences in the kinetics of the dyeing mechanisms have been examined. In an examination of cotton structures, the hydroentangled fabrics exhibited higher dye adsorption and greater colour strength than their yarn-based counterparts. It was observed that for all fabrics examined, the kinetics of adsorption most closely followed the pseudo-second order model and that the initial sorption rate decreased in the order nonwoven > knitted > woven. These differences in the rate of adsorption are discussed and explained in terms of measurable differences in the accessible fibre surface area.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Nonwovens Technical Conference, INTC 2006
Pages673-683
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Nonwovens Technical Conference 2006 - Hilton Americas Houston, Houston, United States
Duration: 25 Sep 200628 Sep 2006

Conference

ConferenceInternational Nonwovens Technical Conference 2006
Abbreviated titleINTC 2006
CountryUnited States
CityHouston
Period25/09/0628/09/06

Fingerprint

Dyeing
Adsorption
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Sorption
Fibers
Textiles
Kinetics
Cotton
Yarn
Color
Chemical analysis

Cite this

Hewitt, A. D., Blackburn, R. S., & Russell, S. J. (2006). The dyeing of nonwovens: An examination of the adsorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics. In International Nonwovens Technical Conference, INTC 2006 (pp. 673-683)
Hewitt, A. D. ; Blackburn, R. S. ; Russell, S. J. / The dyeing of nonwovens : An examination of the adsorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics. International Nonwovens Technical Conference, INTC 2006. 2006. pp. 673-683
@inproceedings{8bd2533dc54d46749d9807fdf86c83a2,
title = "The dyeing of nonwovens: An examination of the adsorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics",
abstract = "The dyeing behaviour of nonwoven materials is an increasingly important area of research that has been the subject of few studies compared to traditional textile materials. Further developments in the dyeing of nonwovens depend in part on improving understanding of the factors contributing to dye levelness in such porous structures and determining the influence of fabric structure on dyeing behaviour and dyed fabric uniformity. Studies concerning the coloration of hydroentangled fabrics are necessary given the increasing number and variety of applications in which dyed fabrics are required. This paper reports on a systematic experimental study of the dye sorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics with different fibre compositions with reference to textile control samples and the role of fabric structure on the observed dye adsorption. Adsorption behaviour influences the observed quality of dyeing, for example the levelness, which is particularly important in the dyeing of hydroentangled materials. In this study, comparative dyeings were performed on hydroentangled, knitted and woven fabrics composed of fibres and differences in the kinetics of the dyeing mechanisms have been examined. In an examination of cotton structures, the hydroentangled fabrics exhibited higher dye adsorption and greater colour strength than their yarn-based counterparts. It was observed that for all fabrics examined, the kinetics of adsorption most closely followed the pseudo-second order model and that the initial sorption rate decreased in the order nonwoven > knitted > woven. These differences in the rate of adsorption are discussed and explained in terms of measurable differences in the accessible fibre surface area.",
keywords = "Computational fluid dynamics, Cotton fabrics, Dyeing, Colour Strength",
author = "Hewitt, {A. D.} and Blackburn, {R. S.} and Russell, {S. J.}",
year = "2006",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
isbn = "1604231459",
pages = "673--683",
booktitle = "International Nonwovens Technical Conference, INTC 2006",

}

Hewitt, AD, Blackburn, RS & Russell, SJ 2006, The dyeing of nonwovens: An examination of the adsorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics. in International Nonwovens Technical Conference, INTC 2006. pp. 673-683, International Nonwovens Technical Conference 2006, Houston, United States, 25/09/06.

The dyeing of nonwovens : An examination of the adsorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics. / Hewitt, A. D.; Blackburn, R. S.; Russell, S. J.

International Nonwovens Technical Conference, INTC 2006. 2006. p. 673-683.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - The dyeing of nonwovens

T2 - An examination of the adsorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics

AU - Hewitt, A. D.

AU - Blackburn, R. S.

AU - Russell, S. J.

PY - 2006/12/1

Y1 - 2006/12/1

N2 - The dyeing behaviour of nonwoven materials is an increasingly important area of research that has been the subject of few studies compared to traditional textile materials. Further developments in the dyeing of nonwovens depend in part on improving understanding of the factors contributing to dye levelness in such porous structures and determining the influence of fabric structure on dyeing behaviour and dyed fabric uniformity. Studies concerning the coloration of hydroentangled fabrics are necessary given the increasing number and variety of applications in which dyed fabrics are required. This paper reports on a systematic experimental study of the dye sorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics with different fibre compositions with reference to textile control samples and the role of fabric structure on the observed dye adsorption. Adsorption behaviour influences the observed quality of dyeing, for example the levelness, which is particularly important in the dyeing of hydroentangled materials. In this study, comparative dyeings were performed on hydroentangled, knitted and woven fabrics composed of fibres and differences in the kinetics of the dyeing mechanisms have been examined. In an examination of cotton structures, the hydroentangled fabrics exhibited higher dye adsorption and greater colour strength than their yarn-based counterparts. It was observed that for all fabrics examined, the kinetics of adsorption most closely followed the pseudo-second order model and that the initial sorption rate decreased in the order nonwoven > knitted > woven. These differences in the rate of adsorption are discussed and explained in terms of measurable differences in the accessible fibre surface area.

AB - The dyeing behaviour of nonwoven materials is an increasingly important area of research that has been the subject of few studies compared to traditional textile materials. Further developments in the dyeing of nonwovens depend in part on improving understanding of the factors contributing to dye levelness in such porous structures and determining the influence of fabric structure on dyeing behaviour and dyed fabric uniformity. Studies concerning the coloration of hydroentangled fabrics are necessary given the increasing number and variety of applications in which dyed fabrics are required. This paper reports on a systematic experimental study of the dye sorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics with different fibre compositions with reference to textile control samples and the role of fabric structure on the observed dye adsorption. Adsorption behaviour influences the observed quality of dyeing, for example the levelness, which is particularly important in the dyeing of hydroentangled materials. In this study, comparative dyeings were performed on hydroentangled, knitted and woven fabrics composed of fibres and differences in the kinetics of the dyeing mechanisms have been examined. In an examination of cotton structures, the hydroentangled fabrics exhibited higher dye adsorption and greater colour strength than their yarn-based counterparts. It was observed that for all fabrics examined, the kinetics of adsorption most closely followed the pseudo-second order model and that the initial sorption rate decreased in the order nonwoven > knitted > woven. These differences in the rate of adsorption are discussed and explained in terms of measurable differences in the accessible fibre surface area.

KW - Computational fluid dynamics

KW - Cotton fabrics

KW - Dyeing

KW - Colour Strength

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=36048990383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 1604231459

SN - 9781604231458

SP - 673

EP - 683

BT - International Nonwovens Technical Conference, INTC 2006

ER -

Hewitt AD, Blackburn RS, Russell SJ. The dyeing of nonwovens: An examination of the adsorption behaviour of hydroentangled fabrics. In International Nonwovens Technical Conference, INTC 2006. 2006. p. 673-683