The effect of insect activity on clothing damage evidence following a period of decomposition

Esta Bostock, Gareth Parkes, Graham Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Clothing damage analysis is a field in which the examination of stab cuts to clothing can reveal information about the stabbing implement and the actions used to cause such damage. This is particularly useful where the victim of the stabbing is still alive or when the deceased is in an advanced state of decomposition. In both situations, wound examination would not be useful due to the evidence being compromised by natural processes. In cases where the body is severely decomposed, the clothing can be the only source of evidence remaining; however, it is possible that insect activity may compromise any stab cuts that may be present. This study recreates the effect that a decomposing body might have on any fabric, by wrapping the damaged cotton fabric around meat, and allowing the meat to decompose for two weeks. The following factors were explored; the presence/absence of blood on the edges of the damage; and whether the stab cut is exposed to the air or is face-down in the soil. It was observed that after one week, the edges of the stab cuts were worn with the effect being enhanced after two weeks. It was also observed that the presence of blood increased the amount of wear, as did the presence of meat. The visual observations were also supported by measuring the depth of fraying of the edges of the stab cuts.
LanguageEnglish
Pages37-41
Number of pages5
JournalCrime, Security and Society
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

clothing
meat
insects
degradation
cotton fabric
blood
animal injuries
air
soil

Cite this

@article{e7d44def8a864bd2ae8df9ef41843733,
title = "The effect of insect activity on clothing damage evidence following a period of decomposition",
abstract = "Clothing damage analysis is a field in which the examination of stab cuts to clothing can reveal information about the stabbing implement and the actions used to cause such damage. This is particularly useful where the victim of the stabbing is still alive or when the deceased is in an advanced state of decomposition. In both situations, wound examination would not be useful due to the evidence being compromised by natural processes. In cases where the body is severely decomposed, the clothing can be the only source of evidence remaining; however, it is possible that insect activity may compromise any stab cuts that may be present. This study recreates the effect that a decomposing body might have on any fabric, by wrapping the damaged cotton fabric around meat, and allowing the meat to decompose for two weeks. The following factors were explored; the presence/absence of blood on the edges of the damage; and whether the stab cut is exposed to the air or is face-down in the soil. It was observed that after one week, the edges of the stab cuts were worn with the effect being enhanced after two weeks. It was also observed that the presence of blood increased the amount of wear, as did the presence of meat. The visual observations were also supported by measuring the depth of fraying of the edges of the stab cuts.",
keywords = "Forensic science, Clothing damage analysis, textile damage, fabric damage, stab cuts, insect activity",
author = "Esta Bostock and Gareth Parkes and Graham Williams",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "11",
doi = "10.5920/css.574",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "37--41",
journal = "Crime, Security and Society",
issn = "2398-130X",
publisher = "University of Huddersfield Press",
number = "2",

}

The effect of insect activity on clothing damage evidence following a period of decomposition. / Bostock, Esta; Parkes, Gareth; Williams, Graham.

In: Crime, Security and Society, Vol. 1, No. 2, 11.03.2019, p. 37-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of insect activity on clothing damage evidence following a period of decomposition

AU - Bostock, Esta

AU - Parkes, Gareth

AU - Williams, Graham

PY - 2019/3/11

Y1 - 2019/3/11

N2 - Clothing damage analysis is a field in which the examination of stab cuts to clothing can reveal information about the stabbing implement and the actions used to cause such damage. This is particularly useful where the victim of the stabbing is still alive or when the deceased is in an advanced state of decomposition. In both situations, wound examination would not be useful due to the evidence being compromised by natural processes. In cases where the body is severely decomposed, the clothing can be the only source of evidence remaining; however, it is possible that insect activity may compromise any stab cuts that may be present. This study recreates the effect that a decomposing body might have on any fabric, by wrapping the damaged cotton fabric around meat, and allowing the meat to decompose for two weeks. The following factors were explored; the presence/absence of blood on the edges of the damage; and whether the stab cut is exposed to the air or is face-down in the soil. It was observed that after one week, the edges of the stab cuts were worn with the effect being enhanced after two weeks. It was also observed that the presence of blood increased the amount of wear, as did the presence of meat. The visual observations were also supported by measuring the depth of fraying of the edges of the stab cuts.

AB - Clothing damage analysis is a field in which the examination of stab cuts to clothing can reveal information about the stabbing implement and the actions used to cause such damage. This is particularly useful where the victim of the stabbing is still alive or when the deceased is in an advanced state of decomposition. In both situations, wound examination would not be useful due to the evidence being compromised by natural processes. In cases where the body is severely decomposed, the clothing can be the only source of evidence remaining; however, it is possible that insect activity may compromise any stab cuts that may be present. This study recreates the effect that a decomposing body might have on any fabric, by wrapping the damaged cotton fabric around meat, and allowing the meat to decompose for two weeks. The following factors were explored; the presence/absence of blood on the edges of the damage; and whether the stab cut is exposed to the air or is face-down in the soil. It was observed that after one week, the edges of the stab cuts were worn with the effect being enhanced after two weeks. It was also observed that the presence of blood increased the amount of wear, as did the presence of meat. The visual observations were also supported by measuring the depth of fraying of the edges of the stab cuts.

KW - Forensic science

KW - Clothing damage analysis

KW - textile damage

KW - fabric damage

KW - stab cuts

KW - insect activity

U2 - 10.5920/css.574

DO - 10.5920/css.574

M3 - Article

VL - 1

SP - 37

EP - 41

JO - Crime, Security and Society

T2 - Crime, Security and Society

JF - Crime, Security and Society

SN - 2398-130X

IS - 2

ER -