‘The elite troops of trafficking’. An assessment of the phenomenon of military-trained gang members in Rio de Janeiro

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Abstract

In recent years, scholars and practitioners alike have acknowledged the threat posed by Military-Trained Gang Members (MTGMs). These individuals have the training, know-how, and expertise necessary to significantly increase the effectiveness and lethality of the armed group they belong to. Even though this threat is present in several criminal insurgencies, usage of the MTGM concept is limited to studies regarding the United States. This paper broadens this scope by assessing the presence and characters of the MTGM phenomenon in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Through a review of media output on the topic, spanning over more than 21 years, the paper exposes the roots and extent of this trend, as well as the roles played by MTGMs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-102
Number of pages23
JournalSmall Wars and Insurgencies
Volume32
Issue number1
Early online date17 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

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