The governance role of shareholders and board of directors on firm performance: an eclectic governance-performance model

Ozgur Ozdemir, Erhan Kilincarslan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose – This study aims to examine the governance role of shareholders and board of directors in determining firm performance through an eclectic multi-theoretic model that integrates structure and incentive functions of agency theory and capability aspect of the resource-based view.
Design/methodology/approach – The research model uses a large panel data set of 2,364 UK firms over the period 2000–2010 and uses alternative specifications of the model to improve robustness.
Findings – The results show that the industry experience of major shareholders as a proxy for shareholder capability has a significant positive impact on investee firm performance. The findings also reveal that the lock-in effect of the largest shareholder has a positive impact on performance, whereas the monitoring effectiveness of shareholders is not associated with ownership concentration. Moreover, the results indicate the underlying capabilities of the board of directors and their impact on corporate performance – particularly, the interlocking directorates of executives have a positive impact on firm performance but those of nonexecutives have a negative one. However, the previous directorship experience of non-executives has a positive impact on performance.
Research limitations/implications – This study presents a more comprehensive and complete understanding of the governance-performance relationship beyond the narrow or partial explanations provided
by single-theory-based studies or those of investigating the effect of various governance tools separately.
Practical implications – This study provides more insights into the capability dimension of shareholders and the role of incentives in motivating shareholders to exercise stronger oversight on the management rather than just using ownership concentration. Hence, the study can serve as valuable guidance for investors, corporate managers and policymakers.
Originality/value – To the best of the knowledge, this is the first comprehensive study that uses an eclectic philosophical approach, integrating the agency theory and resource-based view, to not only examine the impact of board of directors but also investigate the governance role of shareholders in modern corporations to understand how shareholders acquire the requisite skills and information, the best practices and processes, and ultimately use the scarce and inimitable resources that help investee firms in improving their performance.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages35
JournalInternational Journal of Accounting and Information Management
Early online date13 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Aug 2021

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