The heterogeneous processes of cheating: Attention evidence from two eye-tracking experiments

Toke Fosgaard, Catrine Jacobsen, Chris N. H. Street

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dishonesty erodes society. Although much is known about dishonesty, the process leading up to the decision of whether to be honest or dishonest is often assumed to be homogenous and is not well understood. In this paper, we take a more nuanced approach and explore more closely the process of deciding whether to cheat or be honest when an opportunity to cheat arises. We do this in two laboratory eye tracking experiments. In our first experiment (n = 193), we identify heterogeneity in the decision to cheat. Some decisions on whether to cheat or be honest exhibit relatively little variation and appear to be oriented towards cheating (or honesty) with apparently little consideration of the alternative, whereas other decisions seem to be characterized by a higher degree of consideration for both decision alternatives. Our second experiment (n = 299) demonstrates that a gaze dependent intervention in the choices process is able to affect the behavioral outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Behavioral Decision Making
Early online date10 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Jul 2020

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