The Impact of Transport Electrification on Electrical Networks

Kevin J. Dyke, Nigel Schofield, Mike Barnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

250 Citations (Scopus)


In order to satisfy the growing expectation for energy-efficient ecofriendly transportation, a number of vehicle concepts have emerged, including the hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and battery electric vehicle. Vehicle dynamics necessitate careful sizing of onboard energy storage systems. As the penetration of electric vehicles, in both the public and private sector increases, the requirement to facilitate and utilize them becomes paramount. A particular class of vehicle, the plug-in HEV also poses a greater challenge to existing terrestrial-based electrical supply systems. This paper establishes a series of well-defined electric vehicle loads that are subsequently used to analyze their electrical energy usage and storage in the context of more electrified road transportation. These requirements are then applied to a European Union residential load profile to evaluate the impact of increasing electrification of private road vehicles on local loads and the potential for vehicle and residential load integration in the U.K.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5409638
Pages (from-to)3917-3926
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number12
Early online date8 Feb 2010
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes


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