The impact of volute aspect ratio and tilt on the performance of a mixed flow turbine

Samuel P. Lee, Simon M. Barrans, Ambrose K. Nickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Current trends in the automotive industry towards engine downsizing means turbocharging now plays a vital role in engine performance. The purpose of turbocharging is to increase the engine inlet air density by utilising, the otherwise wasted energy in the exhaust gas. This energy extraction is commonly accomplished through the use of a radial turbine. Although less commonly used, mixed flow turbines can offer aerodynamic advantages due to the manipulation of blade leading (LE) angles, improving performance at low velocity ratios. The current paper investigates the performance of a mixed flow turbine with four volute designs, two radial and two tilted volutes each with one variant with an aspect ratio (AR)=0.5 and one with AR = 2. To ensure constant mass flow parameter (MFP) for aerodynamic similarity, volute area to radius ratio (A/r) was manipulated between the design variants. The maximum variation of cycle averaged normalized efficiency measured between the designs was 2.87%. Purely in the rotor region, the variation in normalized cycle averaged efficiency was 3%. The smallest volute AR designs showed substantial secondary flow development. The introduction of volute tilt further complicated the secondary flow development with the introduction of asymmetry to the flows. It was established that both AR and tilt have a notable effect on secondary flows, rotor inlet conditions and over all mixed flow turbine performance.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy
Early online date27 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Feb 2021

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