The involvement of the serotonergic transmission system in neonatal and adult rat ileum contractility varies with age

S. Batista Lobo, M. Denyer, S. Britland, F. A. Javid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The relevance of age on serotonergic involvement in the control of alimentary contractility has not been pharmacologically described. Experiments were performed to investigate the effects of acetylcholine, atropine, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and its related drugs on intestinal segments taken from the neonatal and adult ileum. 5-HT induced concentration-dependent contractions of ileum irrespective of age; however, these contractions were diminished by pretreatment with atropine only in neonatal tissues. In tissues taken from both the neonatal and adult ileum, methysergide (5-HT 1/2/5-7 receptor antagonist), ritanserin (5-HT 2 receptor antagonist), and RS23597-190/SB204070 (5-HT 4 receptor antagonists) all differentially reduced 5-HT-induced contractions at a concentration <100 μmol/l. At higher concentrations, the contractions were comparable to those in control tissues. Granisetron and ondansetron (5-HT 3 receptor antagonists) significantly reduced contractions induced by 5-HT at concentrations >30 μmol/l in both neonatal and adult ileum. Combined treatments with ritanserin, granisetron, plus RS23597-190 reduced or abolished contraction responses induced in neonatal ileum by 5-HT. SB269970A (5-HT 7 receptor antagonist) and WAY100635 (5-HT 1A receptor antagonist) failed to influence contractile responses induced by 5-HT or 5-HT receptor agonists. Pretreatments with WAY100635 and SB267790A also had no influence on the contractile responses induced by 5-HT 1A/7 receptor agonist, 5-CT, and 5-HT 1A receptor agonist, 8-OH-DPAT, which itself failed to induce a measurable response. It is concluded that the 5-HT-induced contractions in segments taken from both the neonatal and adult rat ileum were mediated via 5-HT 2 receptors, 5-HT 3 receptors and 5-HT 4 receptors. However, the effect of atropine on the neonatal rat intestine indicates that the mechanism of serotonergic involvement in ileal contractility is influenced by age.

LanguageEnglish
Pages225-232
Number of pages8
JournalPharmacology
Volume88
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011

Fingerprint

Ileum
Serotonin
Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A
Atropine
Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT4
Ritanserin
Serotonin Receptors
Granisetron
Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT3
Methysergide
8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin
Serotonin Receptor Agonists
Acetylcholine
Intestines
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Cite this

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title = "The involvement of the serotonergic transmission system in neonatal and adult rat ileum contractility varies with age",
abstract = "The relevance of age on serotonergic involvement in the control of alimentary contractility has not been pharmacologically described. Experiments were performed to investigate the effects of acetylcholine, atropine, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and its related drugs on intestinal segments taken from the neonatal and adult ileum. 5-HT induced concentration-dependent contractions of ileum irrespective of age; however, these contractions were diminished by pretreatment with atropine only in neonatal tissues. In tissues taken from both the neonatal and adult ileum, methysergide (5-HT 1/2/5-7 receptor antagonist), ritanserin (5-HT 2 receptor antagonist), and RS23597-190/SB204070 (5-HT 4 receptor antagonists) all differentially reduced 5-HT-induced contractions at a concentration <100 μmol/l. At higher concentrations, the contractions were comparable to those in control tissues. Granisetron and ondansetron (5-HT 3 receptor antagonists) significantly reduced contractions induced by 5-HT at concentrations >30 μmol/l in both neonatal and adult ileum. Combined treatments with ritanserin, granisetron, plus RS23597-190 reduced or abolished contraction responses induced in neonatal ileum by 5-HT. SB269970A (5-HT 7 receptor antagonist) and WAY100635 (5-HT 1A receptor antagonist) failed to influence contractile responses induced by 5-HT or 5-HT receptor agonists. Pretreatments with WAY100635 and SB267790A also had no influence on the contractile responses induced by 5-HT 1A/7 receptor agonist, 5-CT, and 5-HT 1A receptor agonist, 8-OH-DPAT, which itself failed to induce a measurable response. It is concluded that the 5-HT-induced contractions in segments taken from both the neonatal and adult rat ileum were mediated via 5-HT 2 receptors, 5-HT 3 receptors and 5-HT 4 receptors. However, the effect of atropine on the neonatal rat intestine indicates that the mechanism of serotonergic involvement in ileal contractility is influenced by age.",
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The involvement of the serotonergic transmission system in neonatal and adult rat ileum contractility varies with age. / Batista Lobo, S.; Denyer, M.; Britland, S.; Javid, F. A.

In: Pharmacology, Vol. 88, No. 3-4, 01.10.2011, p. 225-232.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The involvement of the serotonergic transmission system in neonatal and adult rat ileum contractility varies with age

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N2 - The relevance of age on serotonergic involvement in the control of alimentary contractility has not been pharmacologically described. Experiments were performed to investigate the effects of acetylcholine, atropine, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and its related drugs on intestinal segments taken from the neonatal and adult ileum. 5-HT induced concentration-dependent contractions of ileum irrespective of age; however, these contractions were diminished by pretreatment with atropine only in neonatal tissues. In tissues taken from both the neonatal and adult ileum, methysergide (5-HT 1/2/5-7 receptor antagonist), ritanserin (5-HT 2 receptor antagonist), and RS23597-190/SB204070 (5-HT 4 receptor antagonists) all differentially reduced 5-HT-induced contractions at a concentration <100 μmol/l. At higher concentrations, the contractions were comparable to those in control tissues. Granisetron and ondansetron (5-HT 3 receptor antagonists) significantly reduced contractions induced by 5-HT at concentrations >30 μmol/l in both neonatal and adult ileum. Combined treatments with ritanserin, granisetron, plus RS23597-190 reduced or abolished contraction responses induced in neonatal ileum by 5-HT. SB269970A (5-HT 7 receptor antagonist) and WAY100635 (5-HT 1A receptor antagonist) failed to influence contractile responses induced by 5-HT or 5-HT receptor agonists. Pretreatments with WAY100635 and SB267790A also had no influence on the contractile responses induced by 5-HT 1A/7 receptor agonist, 5-CT, and 5-HT 1A receptor agonist, 8-OH-DPAT, which itself failed to induce a measurable response. It is concluded that the 5-HT-induced contractions in segments taken from both the neonatal and adult rat ileum were mediated via 5-HT 2 receptors, 5-HT 3 receptors and 5-HT 4 receptors. However, the effect of atropine on the neonatal rat intestine indicates that the mechanism of serotonergic involvement in ileal contractility is influenced by age.

AB - The relevance of age on serotonergic involvement in the control of alimentary contractility has not been pharmacologically described. Experiments were performed to investigate the effects of acetylcholine, atropine, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and its related drugs on intestinal segments taken from the neonatal and adult ileum. 5-HT induced concentration-dependent contractions of ileum irrespective of age; however, these contractions were diminished by pretreatment with atropine only in neonatal tissues. In tissues taken from both the neonatal and adult ileum, methysergide (5-HT 1/2/5-7 receptor antagonist), ritanserin (5-HT 2 receptor antagonist), and RS23597-190/SB204070 (5-HT 4 receptor antagonists) all differentially reduced 5-HT-induced contractions at a concentration <100 μmol/l. At higher concentrations, the contractions were comparable to those in control tissues. Granisetron and ondansetron (5-HT 3 receptor antagonists) significantly reduced contractions induced by 5-HT at concentrations >30 μmol/l in both neonatal and adult ileum. Combined treatments with ritanserin, granisetron, plus RS23597-190 reduced or abolished contraction responses induced in neonatal ileum by 5-HT. SB269970A (5-HT 7 receptor antagonist) and WAY100635 (5-HT 1A receptor antagonist) failed to influence contractile responses induced by 5-HT or 5-HT receptor agonists. Pretreatments with WAY100635 and SB267790A also had no influence on the contractile responses induced by 5-HT 1A/7 receptor agonist, 5-CT, and 5-HT 1A receptor agonist, 8-OH-DPAT, which itself failed to induce a measurable response. It is concluded that the 5-HT-induced contractions in segments taken from both the neonatal and adult rat ileum were mediated via 5-HT 2 receptors, 5-HT 3 receptors and 5-HT 4 receptors. However, the effect of atropine on the neonatal rat intestine indicates that the mechanism of serotonergic involvement in ileal contractility is influenced by age.

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