The Optimum Font Size and Type for Students Aged 9-12 Reading Arabic Characters on Screen: A Case Study

A. A. Abubaker, J. Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


More and more, interest in the way data is displayed on screen has increased, especially with the increase in the number of people using e-text for learning purposes. So, this requires more focus on factors that affect screen legibility. Text display factors, such as font size, line length and font type, have an impact on reading online. Two font types [Arabic Traditional and Simplified Arabic] in four different sizes [10, 14, 16 and 18] are measured using Arabic text. On-line processes were measured using reading-aloud technique. Accuracy of reading was also measured by the average of errors that students made when reading the text, while reading speed was tested by the time it took students to read the text. However, results indicated that Arabic text in font size 10 is not readable to students aged 10 to 12. On the other hand, font sizes sixteen and eighteen are more readable than any smaller-sized font, the averages of error size 18 improve in all font types, while age has a significant impact on reading speed. Simplified Arabic font is reported as readable to students aged 10-12, especially in sizes 14 and 18.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012115
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Early online date28 May 2012
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2012
Event25th International Congress on Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Engineering: Sustained Prosperity through Proactive Monitoring, Diagnosis and Management - University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom
Duration: 18 Jun 201220 Jun 2012
Conference number: 25 (Link to Conference Website )


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