The organization of irrational beliefs in posttraumatic stress symptomology

Testing the predictions of rebt theory using structural equation modelling

Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin, Gary Adamson, Daniel Boduszek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study directly tests a central prediction of rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) that has received little empirical attention regarding the core and intermediate beliefs in the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Method: A theoretically consistent REBT model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was examined using structural equation modelling techniques among a sample of 313 trauma-exposed military and law enforcement personnel. Results: The REBT model of PTSD provided a good fit of the data, χ2 = 599.173, df = 356, p < .001; standardized root mean square residual = .05 (confidence interval = .04- .05); standardized root mean square residual = .04; comparative fit index = .95; Tucker Lewis index = .95. Results demonstrated that demandingness beliefs indirectly affected the various symptom groups of PTSD through a set of secondary irrational beliefs that include catastrophizing, low frustration tolerance, and depreciation beliefs. Conclusions: Results were consistent with the predictions of REBT theory and provides strong empirical support that the cognitive variables described by REBT theory are critical cognitive constructs in the prediction of PTSD symptomology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-59
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Fingerprint

Behavior Therapy
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Organizations
Depreciation
Catastrophization
Law Enforcement
Frustration
Structural Equation Modeling
Testing
Therapy
Prediction
Confidence Intervals
Wounds and Injuries

Cite this

@article{09d45e175c8b47b5b394e8352acca3e1,
title = "The organization of irrational beliefs in posttraumatic stress symptomology: Testing the predictions of rebt theory using structural equation modelling",
abstract = "Objective: This study directly tests a central prediction of rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) that has received little empirical attention regarding the core and intermediate beliefs in the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Method: A theoretically consistent REBT model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was examined using structural equation modelling techniques among a sample of 313 trauma-exposed military and law enforcement personnel. Results: The REBT model of PTSD provided a good fit of the data, χ2 = 599.173, df = 356, p < .001; standardized root mean square residual = .05 (confidence interval = .04- .05); standardized root mean square residual = .04; comparative fit index = .95; Tucker Lewis index = .95. Results demonstrated that demandingness beliefs indirectly affected the various symptom groups of PTSD through a set of secondary irrational beliefs that include catastrophizing, low frustration tolerance, and depreciation beliefs. Conclusions: Results were consistent with the predictions of REBT theory and provides strong empirical support that the cognitive variables described by REBT theory are critical cognitive constructs in the prediction of PTSD symptomology.",
keywords = "Irrational beliefs, Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT), Structural equation modelling (SEM)",
author = "Philip Hyland and Mark Shevlin and Gary Adamson and Daniel Boduszek",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1002/jclp.22009",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "48--59",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Psychology",
issn = "0021-9762",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "1",

}

The organization of irrational beliefs in posttraumatic stress symptomology : Testing the predictions of rebt theory using structural equation modelling. / Hyland, Philip; Shevlin, Mark; Adamson, Gary; Boduszek, Daniel.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 70, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 48-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The organization of irrational beliefs in posttraumatic stress symptomology

T2 - Testing the predictions of rebt theory using structural equation modelling

AU - Hyland, Philip

AU - Shevlin, Mark

AU - Adamson, Gary

AU - Boduszek, Daniel

PY - 2014/1

Y1 - 2014/1

N2 - Objective: This study directly tests a central prediction of rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) that has received little empirical attention regarding the core and intermediate beliefs in the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Method: A theoretically consistent REBT model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was examined using structural equation modelling techniques among a sample of 313 trauma-exposed military and law enforcement personnel. Results: The REBT model of PTSD provided a good fit of the data, χ2 = 599.173, df = 356, p < .001; standardized root mean square residual = .05 (confidence interval = .04- .05); standardized root mean square residual = .04; comparative fit index = .95; Tucker Lewis index = .95. Results demonstrated that demandingness beliefs indirectly affected the various symptom groups of PTSD through a set of secondary irrational beliefs that include catastrophizing, low frustration tolerance, and depreciation beliefs. Conclusions: Results were consistent with the predictions of REBT theory and provides strong empirical support that the cognitive variables described by REBT theory are critical cognitive constructs in the prediction of PTSD symptomology.

AB - Objective: This study directly tests a central prediction of rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) that has received little empirical attention regarding the core and intermediate beliefs in the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Method: A theoretically consistent REBT model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was examined using structural equation modelling techniques among a sample of 313 trauma-exposed military and law enforcement personnel. Results: The REBT model of PTSD provided a good fit of the data, χ2 = 599.173, df = 356, p < .001; standardized root mean square residual = .05 (confidence interval = .04- .05); standardized root mean square residual = .04; comparative fit index = .95; Tucker Lewis index = .95. Results demonstrated that demandingness beliefs indirectly affected the various symptom groups of PTSD through a set of secondary irrational beliefs that include catastrophizing, low frustration tolerance, and depreciation beliefs. Conclusions: Results were consistent with the predictions of REBT theory and provides strong empirical support that the cognitive variables described by REBT theory are critical cognitive constructs in the prediction of PTSD symptomology.

KW - Irrational beliefs

KW - Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

KW - Rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT)

KW - Structural equation modelling (SEM)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890873822&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/jclp.22009

DO - 10.1002/jclp.22009

M3 - Article

VL - 70

SP - 48

EP - 59

JO - Journal of Clinical Psychology

JF - Journal of Clinical Psychology

SN - 0021-9762

IS - 1

ER -