The origins of the British red cross society and the politics and practices of relief in war, 1870-1906

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article traces the history of the British National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War (NAS), and its interventions in Continental and colonial wars of the late-nineteenth century. The NAS was founded on the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in August 1870. It went on to become one of the most important founding members of the British Red Cross Society (BRCS) when it was established in 1905. The aim of the article is to uncover the particular anxieties and aspirations that contributed to the foundation of the NAS. It demonstrates how these concerns -many of them related to the relative state of the British military- informed its subsequent practices and its relationship with the International Committee of the Red Cross. In tracing its emergence as a paramilitary corps adept at rapid-response emergency medicine, this article uncovers the rivalry that characterized attempts within the NAS and BRCS to lay claim to the "true spirit" of voluntary aid in war -a rivalry which eventually informed British insistence on a revision to the Geneva Convention in 1906.

Translated title of the contributionThe origins of the British red cross society and the politics and practices of relief in war, 1870-1906
LanguageSpanish
Article numberp029
JournalAsclepio
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Relief
Rivalry
Continental
Colonies
Paramilitaries
Franco-Prussian War
Aspiration
Corps
Military
History
Medicine
Anxiety
Geneva
Emergency
Founding

Cite this

@article{cbc1ad0004f84eecb9cc781b4eb16bbd,
title = "Los or{\'i}genes de la sociedad de la cruz roja brit{\'a}nica y las pol{\'i}ticas y pr{\'a}cticas del socorro en guerra (1870-1906)",
abstract = "This article traces the history of the British National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War (NAS), and its interventions in Continental and colonial wars of the late-nineteenth century. The NAS was founded on the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in August 1870. It went on to become one of the most important founding members of the British Red Cross Society (BRCS) when it was established in 1905. The aim of the article is to uncover the particular anxieties and aspirations that contributed to the foundation of the NAS. It demonstrates how these concerns -many of them related to the relative state of the British military- informed its subsequent practices and its relationship with the International Committee of the Red Cross. In tracing its emergence as a paramilitary corps adept at rapid-response emergency medicine, this article uncovers the rivalry that characterized attempts within the NAS and BRCS to lay claim to the {"}true spirit{"} of voluntary aid in war -a rivalry which eventually informed British insistence on a revision to the Geneva Convention in 1906.",
keywords = "British red cross society, Franco-prussian war, Geneva convention, Militarism, Relief work",
author = "Rebecca Gill",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.3989/asclepio.2014.03",
language = "Spanish",
volume = "66",
journal = "Asclepio",
issn = "0210-4466",
publisher = "CSIC Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Los orígenes de la sociedad de la cruz roja británica y las políticas y prácticas del socorro en guerra (1870-1906)

AU - Gill, Rebecca

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This article traces the history of the British National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War (NAS), and its interventions in Continental and colonial wars of the late-nineteenth century. The NAS was founded on the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in August 1870. It went on to become one of the most important founding members of the British Red Cross Society (BRCS) when it was established in 1905. The aim of the article is to uncover the particular anxieties and aspirations that contributed to the foundation of the NAS. It demonstrates how these concerns -many of them related to the relative state of the British military- informed its subsequent practices and its relationship with the International Committee of the Red Cross. In tracing its emergence as a paramilitary corps adept at rapid-response emergency medicine, this article uncovers the rivalry that characterized attempts within the NAS and BRCS to lay claim to the "true spirit" of voluntary aid in war -a rivalry which eventually informed British insistence on a revision to the Geneva Convention in 1906.

AB - This article traces the history of the British National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War (NAS), and its interventions in Continental and colonial wars of the late-nineteenth century. The NAS was founded on the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in August 1870. It went on to become one of the most important founding members of the British Red Cross Society (BRCS) when it was established in 1905. The aim of the article is to uncover the particular anxieties and aspirations that contributed to the foundation of the NAS. It demonstrates how these concerns -many of them related to the relative state of the British military- informed its subsequent practices and its relationship with the International Committee of the Red Cross. In tracing its emergence as a paramilitary corps adept at rapid-response emergency medicine, this article uncovers the rivalry that characterized attempts within the NAS and BRCS to lay claim to the "true spirit" of voluntary aid in war -a rivalry which eventually informed British insistence on a revision to the Geneva Convention in 1906.

KW - British red cross society

KW - Franco-prussian war

KW - Geneva convention

KW - Militarism

KW - Relief work

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84902272497&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3989/asclepio.2014.03

DO - 10.3989/asclepio.2014.03

M3 - Article

VL - 66

JO - Asclepio

T2 - Asclepio

JF - Asclepio

SN - 0210-4466

IS - 1

M1 - p029

ER -