The Precessions Process for Efficient Production of Aspheric Optics for Large Telescopes and Their Instrumentation

D. D. Walker, A. T.H. Beaucamp, R. G. Bingham, D. Brooks, R. Freeman, S. W. Kim, A. King, G. McCavana, R. Morton, D. Riley, J. Simms

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We summarise the reasons why aspheric surfaces, including non-rotationally-symmetric surfaces, are increasingly important to ground and space-based astronomical instruments, yet challenging to produce. We mainly consider the generic problem of producing aspheres, and then lightweight segments for the primary mirror of an Extremely Large Telescope. We remark on the tension between manufacturability of spherical segments, and performance with aspheric segments. This provides the context for our presentation of the novel Precessions process for rapid polishing and form-correction of aspheric surfaces. We outline why this is a significant step beyond previous methods to automate aspheric production, and how it has resulted in a generalized, scaleable technology that does not require high capital-value tooling customized to particular types of optical form. We summarise implementation in the first two automated CNC machines of 200 mm capacity, followed by the first 600 mm machine, and the current status of the process-development programme. We review quantitative results of polishing trials, including materials relevant to large and instrumentation optics. Finally, we comment on the potential of the technology for space optics and for removing quilting in honeycomb substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-84
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume4842
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes
EventSpecialized Optical Developments in Astronomy - Waikoloa, United States
Duration: 25 Aug 200226 Aug 2002

Fingerprint

aspheric optics
Aspheric Surface
Polishing
Instrumentation
precession
Telescopes
Telescope
Optics
Zone of one base
Asphere
telescopes
Extremely Large Telescopes
polishing
Honeycomb
optics
Development Process
tooling
Mirror
Substrate
Space optics

Cite this

Walker, D. D. ; Beaucamp, A. T.H. ; Bingham, R. G. ; Brooks, D. ; Freeman, R. ; Kim, S. W. ; King, A. ; McCavana, G. ; Morton, R. ; Riley, D. ; Simms, J. / The Precessions Process for Efficient Production of Aspheric Optics for Large Telescopes and Their Instrumentation. In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. 2002 ; Vol. 4842. pp. 73-84.
@article{94a9637fbc2741c781d75a8f59ee279f,
title = "The Precessions Process for Efficient Production of Aspheric Optics for Large Telescopes and Their Instrumentation",
abstract = "We summarise the reasons why aspheric surfaces, including non-rotationally-symmetric surfaces, are increasingly important to ground and space-based astronomical instruments, yet challenging to produce. We mainly consider the generic problem of producing aspheres, and then lightweight segments for the primary mirror of an Extremely Large Telescope. We remark on the tension between manufacturability of spherical segments, and performance with aspheric segments. This provides the context for our presentation of the novel Precessions process for rapid polishing and form-correction of aspheric surfaces. We outline why this is a significant step beyond previous methods to automate aspheric production, and how it has resulted in a generalized, scaleable technology that does not require high capital-value tooling customized to particular types of optical form. We summarise implementation in the first two automated CNC machines of 200 mm capacity, followed by the first 600 mm machine, and the current status of the process-development programme. We review quantitative results of polishing trials, including materials relevant to large and instrumentation optics. Finally, we comment on the potential of the technology for space optics and for removing quilting in honeycomb substrates.",
author = "Walker, {D. D.} and Beaucamp, {A. T.H.} and Bingham, {R. G.} and D. Brooks and R. Freeman and Kim, {S. W.} and A. King and G. McCavana and R. Morton and D. Riley and J. Simms",
year = "2002",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1117/12.456677",
language = "English",
volume = "4842",
pages = "73--84",
journal = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
issn = "0277-786X",
publisher = "SPIE",

}

The Precessions Process for Efficient Production of Aspheric Optics for Large Telescopes and Their Instrumentation. / Walker, D. D.; Beaucamp, A. T.H.; Bingham, R. G.; Brooks, D.; Freeman, R.; Kim, S. W.; King, A.; McCavana, G.; Morton, R.; Riley, D.; Simms, J.

In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 4842, 01.12.2002, p. 73-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Precessions Process for Efficient Production of Aspheric Optics for Large Telescopes and Their Instrumentation

AU - Walker, D. D.

AU - Beaucamp, A. T.H.

AU - Bingham, R. G.

AU - Brooks, D.

AU - Freeman, R.

AU - Kim, S. W.

AU - King, A.

AU - McCavana, G.

AU - Morton, R.

AU - Riley, D.

AU - Simms, J.

PY - 2002/12/1

Y1 - 2002/12/1

N2 - We summarise the reasons why aspheric surfaces, including non-rotationally-symmetric surfaces, are increasingly important to ground and space-based astronomical instruments, yet challenging to produce. We mainly consider the generic problem of producing aspheres, and then lightweight segments for the primary mirror of an Extremely Large Telescope. We remark on the tension between manufacturability of spherical segments, and performance with aspheric segments. This provides the context for our presentation of the novel Precessions process for rapid polishing and form-correction of aspheric surfaces. We outline why this is a significant step beyond previous methods to automate aspheric production, and how it has resulted in a generalized, scaleable technology that does not require high capital-value tooling customized to particular types of optical form. We summarise implementation in the first two automated CNC machines of 200 mm capacity, followed by the first 600 mm machine, and the current status of the process-development programme. We review quantitative results of polishing trials, including materials relevant to large and instrumentation optics. Finally, we comment on the potential of the technology for space optics and for removing quilting in honeycomb substrates.

AB - We summarise the reasons why aspheric surfaces, including non-rotationally-symmetric surfaces, are increasingly important to ground and space-based astronomical instruments, yet challenging to produce. We mainly consider the generic problem of producing aspheres, and then lightweight segments for the primary mirror of an Extremely Large Telescope. We remark on the tension between manufacturability of spherical segments, and performance with aspheric segments. This provides the context for our presentation of the novel Precessions process for rapid polishing and form-correction of aspheric surfaces. We outline why this is a significant step beyond previous methods to automate aspheric production, and how it has resulted in a generalized, scaleable technology that does not require high capital-value tooling customized to particular types of optical form. We summarise implementation in the first two automated CNC machines of 200 mm capacity, followed by the first 600 mm machine, and the current status of the process-development programme. We review quantitative results of polishing trials, including materials relevant to large and instrumentation optics. Finally, we comment on the potential of the technology for space optics and for removing quilting in honeycomb substrates.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0038754857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.456677

DO - 10.1117/12.456677

M3 - Conference article

VL - 4842

SP - 73

EP - 84

JO - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

JF - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

SN - 0277-786X

ER -