The Psychological Effects of Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs)

An Exploration of a United Kingdom Medico-Legal Examiner's Career of RTA Assessments

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Around 20 to 50 million people are injured as a result of a road traffic accident (RTA) each year throughout the world. In the United Kingdom there have been considerable efforts made to review the assessment of whiplash claimants following RTAs due to the perceived level of fraud. However, very little has been done with regards to assessments for mental disorder; this article seeks to investigate how such assessments are undertaken. Data originating from one clinical forensic psychologist’s practice (N D 305) are examined to provide an insight into the assessment of mental disorder in the medico-legal arena in the United Kingdom, building upon previous research. Many important findings emerged from this analysis including a complicated relationship between the diagnosis of mental disorder and the gender of the
claimant. In addition, this article provides detailed normative data using the Symptom Checklist 90 Revised, the Impact of Events Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-324
Number of pages22
JournalPsychiatry, Psychology and Law
Volume25
Issue number2
Early online date19 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Traffic Accidents
examiner
traffic accident
road traffic
Mental Disorders
mental disorder
career
Psychology
Fraud
Checklist
fraud
psychologist
Depression
Equipment and Supplies
Research
United Kingdom
event
gender

Cite this

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title = "The Psychological Effects of Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs): An Exploration of a United Kingdom Medico-Legal Examiner's Career of RTA Assessments",
abstract = "Around 20 to 50 million people are injured as a result of a road traffic accident (RTA) each year throughout the world. In the United Kingdom there have been considerable efforts made to review the assessment of whiplash claimants following RTAs due to the perceived level of fraud. However, very little has been done with regards to assessments for mental disorder; this article seeks to investigate how such assessments are undertaken. Data originating from one clinical forensic psychologist’s practice (N D 305) are examined to provide an insight into the assessment of mental disorder in the medico-legal arena in the United Kingdom, building upon previous research. Many important findings emerged from this analysis including a complicated relationship between the diagnosis of mental disorder and the gender of theclaimant. In addition, this article provides detailed normative data using the Symptom Checklist 90 Revised, the Impact of Events Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory",
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AB - Around 20 to 50 million people are injured as a result of a road traffic accident (RTA) each year throughout the world. In the United Kingdom there have been considerable efforts made to review the assessment of whiplash claimants following RTAs due to the perceived level of fraud. However, very little has been done with regards to assessments for mental disorder; this article seeks to investigate how such assessments are undertaken. Data originating from one clinical forensic psychologist’s practice (N D 305) are examined to provide an insight into the assessment of mental disorder in the medico-legal arena in the United Kingdom, building upon previous research. Many important findings emerged from this analysis including a complicated relationship between the diagnosis of mental disorder and the gender of theclaimant. In addition, this article provides detailed normative data using the Symptom Checklist 90 Revised, the Impact of Events Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory

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