The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: Evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task

Steve Dewhurst, Rachel Anderson, David Howe, Peter Clough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Previous research by the authors found that mental toughness, as measured by the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48 (MTQ48; Clough, P.J., Earle, K., & Sewell, D. [2002]. Mental toughness: the concept and its measurement. In I. Cockerill (Ed.), Solutions in sport psychology [pp. 32–43]. London: Thomson Publishing), was significantly associated with performance on the list-method directed forgetting task. The current study extends this finding to the item-method directed forgetting task in which the instruction to Remember or Forget is given after each item in the study list. A significant positive association was found between the correct recognition of Remember words and the emotional control subscale of the MTQ48. No significant associations were observed with other measures of mental toughness or personality. The findings are discussed in terms of the relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)943-951
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Issue number5
Early online date15 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019


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