The role of criminal cognitions and personality traits in non‐violent recidivism: an empirical investigation within a prison sample

Ashling Bourke, Daniel Boduszek, Philip Hyland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose
– The aim of the current study is to investigate criminal psycho‐social cognition, criminal associates and personality traits as predictors of non‐violent recidivism.

Design/methodology/approach
– The sample consisted of 179 male non‐violent offenders. Each offender completed self‐report measures assessing criminal attitudes, criminal associates, criminal social identity and Eysenck's personality traits. Recidivism was assessed through self‐reported frequency of imprisonment. A sequential moderated multiple regression analysis investigated the relationship between criminal thinking, criminal social identity and level of recidivism with the moderating role of personality.

Findings
– Results indicate that criminal thinking is moderated by personality in the prediction of recidivism such that respondents who score high on psychoticism and low on neuroticism and extraversion show a positive association between criminal think styles and recidivism.

Research limitations/implications
– It is suggested that future research and risk assessment instruments consider the interaction between risk factors in the prediction of recidivism, rather than investigating the factors independently.

Originality/value
– This study is a valuable contribution as it investigates non‐violent recidivism specifically, and informs on the moderating influence of personality in the prediction of this behaviour.
LanguageEnglish
Pages40-48
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Criminal Psychology
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2013

Fingerprint

Prisons
personality traits
Cognition
correctional institution
Personality
cognition
personality
Social Identification
offender
neuroticism
social cognition
imprisonment
risk assessment
regression analysis
Self Report
Regression Analysis
methodology
interaction
Values

Cite this

@article{72851d3439da42feb8c458e5cd01f6f4,
title = "The role of criminal cognitions and personality traits in non‐violent recidivism: an empirical investigation within a prison sample",
abstract = "Purpose– The aim of the current study is to investigate criminal psycho‐social cognition, criminal associates and personality traits as predictors of non‐violent recidivism.Design/methodology/approach– The sample consisted of 179 male non‐violent offenders. Each offender completed self‐report measures assessing criminal attitudes, criminal associates, criminal social identity and Eysenck's personality traits. Recidivism was assessed through self‐reported frequency of imprisonment. A sequential moderated multiple regression analysis investigated the relationship between criminal thinking, criminal social identity and level of recidivism with the moderating role of personality.Findings– Results indicate that criminal thinking is moderated by personality in the prediction of recidivism such that respondents who score high on psychoticism and low on neuroticism and extraversion show a positive association between criminal think styles and recidivism.Research limitations/implications– It is suggested that future research and risk assessment instruments consider the interaction between risk factors in the prediction of recidivism, rather than investigating the factors independently.Originality/value– This study is a valuable contribution as it investigates non‐violent recidivism specifically, and informs on the moderating influence of personality in the prediction of this behaviour.",
keywords = "cognition, criminal cognitions, criminology, behaviour, men, moderation analysis, personality, prison study",
author = "Ashling Bourke and Daniel Boduszek and Philip Hyland",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1108/20093821311307758",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "40--48",
journal = "Journal of Criminal Psychology",
issn = "2009-3829",
publisher = "Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

The role of criminal cognitions and personality traits in non‐violent recidivism : an empirical investigation within a prison sample. / Bourke, Ashling; Boduszek, Daniel; Hyland, Philip.

In: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Vol. 3, No. 1, 15.03.2013, p. 40-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of criminal cognitions and personality traits in non‐violent recidivism

T2 - Journal of Criminal Psychology

AU - Bourke, Ashling

AU - Boduszek, Daniel

AU - Hyland, Philip

PY - 2013/3/15

Y1 - 2013/3/15

N2 - Purpose– The aim of the current study is to investigate criminal psycho‐social cognition, criminal associates and personality traits as predictors of non‐violent recidivism.Design/methodology/approach– The sample consisted of 179 male non‐violent offenders. Each offender completed self‐report measures assessing criminal attitudes, criminal associates, criminal social identity and Eysenck's personality traits. Recidivism was assessed through self‐reported frequency of imprisonment. A sequential moderated multiple regression analysis investigated the relationship between criminal thinking, criminal social identity and level of recidivism with the moderating role of personality.Findings– Results indicate that criminal thinking is moderated by personality in the prediction of recidivism such that respondents who score high on psychoticism and low on neuroticism and extraversion show a positive association between criminal think styles and recidivism.Research limitations/implications– It is suggested that future research and risk assessment instruments consider the interaction between risk factors in the prediction of recidivism, rather than investigating the factors independently.Originality/value– This study is a valuable contribution as it investigates non‐violent recidivism specifically, and informs on the moderating influence of personality in the prediction of this behaviour.

AB - Purpose– The aim of the current study is to investigate criminal psycho‐social cognition, criminal associates and personality traits as predictors of non‐violent recidivism.Design/methodology/approach– The sample consisted of 179 male non‐violent offenders. Each offender completed self‐report measures assessing criminal attitudes, criminal associates, criminal social identity and Eysenck's personality traits. Recidivism was assessed through self‐reported frequency of imprisonment. A sequential moderated multiple regression analysis investigated the relationship between criminal thinking, criminal social identity and level of recidivism with the moderating role of personality.Findings– Results indicate that criminal thinking is moderated by personality in the prediction of recidivism such that respondents who score high on psychoticism and low on neuroticism and extraversion show a positive association between criminal think styles and recidivism.Research limitations/implications– It is suggested that future research and risk assessment instruments consider the interaction between risk factors in the prediction of recidivism, rather than investigating the factors independently.Originality/value– This study is a valuable contribution as it investigates non‐violent recidivism specifically, and informs on the moderating influence of personality in the prediction of this behaviour.

KW - cognition

KW - criminal cognitions

KW - criminology

KW - behaviour

KW - men

KW - moderation analysis

KW - personality

KW - prison study

U2 - 10.1108/20093821311307758

DO - 10.1108/20093821311307758

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 40

EP - 48

JO - Journal of Criminal Psychology

JF - Journal of Criminal Psychology

SN - 2009-3829

IS - 1

ER -