The role of personality in the relationship between criminal social identity and criminal thinking style within a sample of prisoners with learning difficulties

Daniel Boduszek, Gary Adamson, Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose
– Social Identity Theory proposes that identity and thinking style are strongly related. Research also suggests that the process of depersonalization is responsible for shifting from personal identity to social identity and assimilating group attitudes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature of personality in the relationship between criminal social identity and criminal thinking style.

Design/methodology/approach
– The Measure of Criminal Attitudes, the Measure of Criminal Social Identity, and The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was administrated to a sample of recidivistic male prisoners with learning difficulties (n=312).

Findings
– Sequential moderated multiple regression analyses indicated the unique main effect of extraversion, psychoticism, in‐group affect, and in‐group ties on criminal thinking style. In terms of the moderating role of personality, the in‐group affect was more strongly associated with criminal thinking for low levels of extraversion, whereas high levels of extraversion moderated the positive relationship between in‐group ties and criminal thinking style.

Originality/value
– The findings provide the first empirical support for the moderating role of personality in the relationship between criminal identity and criminal thinking style of offenders with learning difficulties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-23
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Social Identification
Prisoners
Personality
Learning
Depersonalization
Thinking
Regression Analysis
Research
Extraversion (Psychology)

Cite this

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title = "The role of personality in the relationship between criminal social identity and criminal thinking style within a sample of prisoners with learning difficulties",
abstract = "Purpose– Social Identity Theory proposes that identity and thinking style are strongly related. Research also suggests that the process of depersonalization is responsible for shifting from personal identity to social identity and assimilating group attitudes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature of personality in the relationship between criminal social identity and criminal thinking style.Design/methodology/approach– The Measure of Criminal Attitudes, the Measure of Criminal Social Identity, and The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was administrated to a sample of recidivistic male prisoners with learning difficulties (n=312).Findings– Sequential moderated multiple regression analyses indicated the unique main effect of extraversion, psychoticism, in‐group affect, and in‐group ties on criminal thinking style. In terms of the moderating role of personality, the in‐group affect was more strongly associated with criminal thinking for low levels of extraversion, whereas high levels of extraversion moderated the positive relationship between in‐group ties and criminal thinking style.Originality/value– The findings provide the first empirical support for the moderating role of personality in the relationship between criminal identity and criminal thinking style of offenders with learning difficulties.",
keywords = "Criminal thinking style, Criminal social identity, Personality, Prisoners with learning difficulties, Moderated sequential multiple regression, Learning disabilities, Psychology, Criminology",
author = "Daniel Boduszek and Gary Adamson and Mark Shevlin and Philip Hyland",
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doi = "https://doi.org/10.1108/20420921211236771",
language = "English",
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pages = "12--23",
journal = "Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour",
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T1 - The role of personality in the relationship between criminal social identity and criminal thinking style within a sample of prisoners with learning difficulties

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AU - Adamson, Gary

AU - Shevlin, Mark

AU - Hyland, Philip

PY - 2012/2/5

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N2 - Purpose– Social Identity Theory proposes that identity and thinking style are strongly related. Research also suggests that the process of depersonalization is responsible for shifting from personal identity to social identity and assimilating group attitudes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature of personality in the relationship between criminal social identity and criminal thinking style.Design/methodology/approach– The Measure of Criminal Attitudes, the Measure of Criminal Social Identity, and The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was administrated to a sample of recidivistic male prisoners with learning difficulties (n=312).Findings– Sequential moderated multiple regression analyses indicated the unique main effect of extraversion, psychoticism, in‐group affect, and in‐group ties on criminal thinking style. In terms of the moderating role of personality, the in‐group affect was more strongly associated with criminal thinking for low levels of extraversion, whereas high levels of extraversion moderated the positive relationship between in‐group ties and criminal thinking style.Originality/value– The findings provide the first empirical support for the moderating role of personality in the relationship between criminal identity and criminal thinking style of offenders with learning difficulties.

AB - Purpose– Social Identity Theory proposes that identity and thinking style are strongly related. Research also suggests that the process of depersonalization is responsible for shifting from personal identity to social identity and assimilating group attitudes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature of personality in the relationship between criminal social identity and criminal thinking style.Design/methodology/approach– The Measure of Criminal Attitudes, the Measure of Criminal Social Identity, and The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was administrated to a sample of recidivistic male prisoners with learning difficulties (n=312).Findings– Sequential moderated multiple regression analyses indicated the unique main effect of extraversion, psychoticism, in‐group affect, and in‐group ties on criminal thinking style. In terms of the moderating role of personality, the in‐group affect was more strongly associated with criminal thinking for low levels of extraversion, whereas high levels of extraversion moderated the positive relationship between in‐group ties and criminal thinking style.Originality/value– The findings provide the first empirical support for the moderating role of personality in the relationship between criminal identity and criminal thinking style of offenders with learning difficulties.

KW - Criminal thinking style

KW - Criminal social identity

KW - Personality

KW - Prisoners with learning difficulties

KW - Moderated sequential multiple regression

KW - Learning disabilities

KW - Psychology

KW - Criminology

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JO - Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour

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