The role of spatial analysis in resettlement programmes

Pantip Piyatadsananon, Dilanthi Amaratunga, Kaushal Keraminiyage

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Number of victims from the disaster has been dramatically increasing around the world. This phenomenon causes a very high demand of emergency and temporary shelters on particular basis including the need of permanent houses in resettlement programmes. Noticeably, those resettlement programmes have shown the success and failure of their activities. For instance, plenty communities have been forced by governments to abandon their lands to the new locations for safety purpose. Inevitably, many suffered people have to stay in the provided areas because they have no place to go (Gall, 2004). Furthermore, there are abundant cases in which people move back to their original land. Certainly, those failures have shown from the total change of life patterns and styles which cause people many difficulties (Dikmen, 2002). These results show the unsuccessful resettlement programmes which require a better solution. According to the previous works, vulnerable hazard areas have been rarely studied in term of people behaviours correlated between the spatial and social aspects. Based on the resettlement paradigm, building a new settlement site better, safer and suitable for suffered people from disaster, traditional lifestyle of people in communities has to be carefully studied before setting a displacement or resettlement plan. Spatial analysis model with employing several scenes of high-resolution images is an effective tool proposed in this study. The applications of spatial analysis techniques in resettlement programmes are introduced to present a crucial integration between human behaviours in hazard areas and the relevant factors. Prescriptive method is employed to describe the current situations due to the advantage of this method in studying the complexity of human behaviours. This study is an initial part of literature review associated with the application of spatial analysis in resettlement programme. An expected outcome of this study is a framework to develop a model for simulating the human interaction between the spatial and non-spatial parameters. Apart from this study, the designed spatial and non-spatial database in geo-informatics will be suggested to set some factor criteria in the next step of this study. Eventually, this study will be beneficial to other case studies with the similar contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCOBRA 2010
Subtitle of host publicationConstruction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors
PublisherRICS
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781842196199
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventConstruction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors - Dauphine Université Paris, Paris, France
Duration: 2 Sep 20103 Sep 2010
https://www.preventionweb.net/events/view/12331?id=12331 (Conference Information)

Conference

ConferenceConstruction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors
Abbreviated titleCOBRA 2010
CountryFrance
CityParis
Period2/09/103/09/10
OtherContributions are invited for the themed session on Disaster Management that will be held as part of the RICS COBRA 2010 Conference aims to stimulate ideas arising from research by exploring the range of perspectives from which the construction industry is able to contribute towards improved resilience to disasters and by facilitating the dissemination of the existing knowledge base.
Internet address

Fingerprint

Disasters
Hazards
Social aspects
Image resolution

Cite this

Piyatadsananon, P., Amaratunga, D., & Keraminiyage, K. (2010). The role of spatial analysis in resettlement programmes. In COBRA 2010: Construction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors RICS.
Piyatadsananon, Pantip ; Amaratunga, Dilanthi ; Keraminiyage, Kaushal. / The role of spatial analysis in resettlement programmes. COBRA 2010: Construction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. RICS, 2010.
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Piyatadsananon, P, Amaratunga, D & Keraminiyage, K 2010, The role of spatial analysis in resettlement programmes. in COBRA 2010: Construction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. RICS, Construction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, Paris, France, 2/09/10.

The role of spatial analysis in resettlement programmes. / Piyatadsananon, Pantip; Amaratunga, Dilanthi; Keraminiyage, Kaushal.

COBRA 2010: Construction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. RICS, 2010.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - Number of victims from the disaster has been dramatically increasing around the world. This phenomenon causes a very high demand of emergency and temporary shelters on particular basis including the need of permanent houses in resettlement programmes. Noticeably, those resettlement programmes have shown the success and failure of their activities. For instance, plenty communities have been forced by governments to abandon their lands to the new locations for safety purpose. Inevitably, many suffered people have to stay in the provided areas because they have no place to go (Gall, 2004). Furthermore, there are abundant cases in which people move back to their original land. Certainly, those failures have shown from the total change of life patterns and styles which cause people many difficulties (Dikmen, 2002). These results show the unsuccessful resettlement programmes which require a better solution. According to the previous works, vulnerable hazard areas have been rarely studied in term of people behaviours correlated between the spatial and social aspects. Based on the resettlement paradigm, building a new settlement site better, safer and suitable for suffered people from disaster, traditional lifestyle of people in communities has to be carefully studied before setting a displacement or resettlement plan. Spatial analysis model with employing several scenes of high-resolution images is an effective tool proposed in this study. The applications of spatial analysis techniques in resettlement programmes are introduced to present a crucial integration between human behaviours in hazard areas and the relevant factors. Prescriptive method is employed to describe the current situations due to the advantage of this method in studying the complexity of human behaviours. This study is an initial part of literature review associated with the application of spatial analysis in resettlement programme. An expected outcome of this study is a framework to develop a model for simulating the human interaction between the spatial and non-spatial parameters. Apart from this study, the designed spatial and non-spatial database in geo-informatics will be suggested to set some factor criteria in the next step of this study. Eventually, this study will be beneficial to other case studies with the similar contexts.

AB - Number of victims from the disaster has been dramatically increasing around the world. This phenomenon causes a very high demand of emergency and temporary shelters on particular basis including the need of permanent houses in resettlement programmes. Noticeably, those resettlement programmes have shown the success and failure of their activities. For instance, plenty communities have been forced by governments to abandon their lands to the new locations for safety purpose. Inevitably, many suffered people have to stay in the provided areas because they have no place to go (Gall, 2004). Furthermore, there are abundant cases in which people move back to their original land. Certainly, those failures have shown from the total change of life patterns and styles which cause people many difficulties (Dikmen, 2002). These results show the unsuccessful resettlement programmes which require a better solution. According to the previous works, vulnerable hazard areas have been rarely studied in term of people behaviours correlated between the spatial and social aspects. Based on the resettlement paradigm, building a new settlement site better, safer and suitable for suffered people from disaster, traditional lifestyle of people in communities has to be carefully studied before setting a displacement or resettlement plan. Spatial analysis model with employing several scenes of high-resolution images is an effective tool proposed in this study. The applications of spatial analysis techniques in resettlement programmes are introduced to present a crucial integration between human behaviours in hazard areas and the relevant factors. Prescriptive method is employed to describe the current situations due to the advantage of this method in studying the complexity of human behaviours. This study is an initial part of literature review associated with the application of spatial analysis in resettlement programme. An expected outcome of this study is a framework to develop a model for simulating the human interaction between the spatial and non-spatial parameters. Apart from this study, the designed spatial and non-spatial database in geo-informatics will be suggested to set some factor criteria in the next step of this study. Eventually, this study will be beneficial to other case studies with the similar contexts.

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Piyatadsananon P, Amaratunga D, Keraminiyage K. The role of spatial analysis in resettlement programmes. In COBRA 2010: Construction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. RICS. 2010