The Role of the Supply Chain in Elimination and Reduction of Construction Rework and Defects

An Action Research Approach

Martin Taggart, Lauri Koskela, John Rooke

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

During the past six years Ireland suffered a catastrophic economic reverse that impacted disproportionately on the construction industry, leading to a circa 80% reduction in output. The results of this have been bankruptcy, unemployment and bad debt. The changed environment has spurred the contractors to attach ever greater emphasis to production efficiency and cost reduction as a means of survival. An Action Research (AR) approach was used in this research to focus on improving the strategies adopted by a SME contractor for the control of defects in its supply chain. It is conservatively estimated in the literature that rework typically accounts for circa 5% of total project costs. Such activity is clearly wasteful and presents an obvious target to address. The AR intervention is at the diagnosing stage and involved examination of work on a pilot site, analysis of contract documents, including drawings, snag lists and specifications and semi-structured interviews with supply chain members. The results indicate the potential for the supply chain participants to both identify the root cause of defects and propose solutions, in terms of best practice to avoid future reoccurrence. Another key finding was the lack of any collaborative forums to contribute to production improvement and cost reduction. Additionally the processes, used to collect, manage and disseminate data on defects were found to be unstructured and uncoordinated, indicating scope for development of more useful methods. The research indicates good understanding of the potential benefits for supply chain collaboration but suggests the tools and knowledge to collaborate are currently lacking in the Irish SME sector.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings 29th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2013
EditorsSimon. D Smith, Dominic. D Ahiaga-Dagbui
PublisherAssociation of Researchers in Construction Management
Pages503-512
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780955239076
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event29th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference - Reading, United Kingdom
Duration: 2 Sep 20134 Sep 2013
Conference number: 29

Conference

Conference29th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference
Abbreviated titleARCOM 2013
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityReading
Period2/09/134/09/13

Fingerprint

Supply chains
Defects
Cost reduction
Contractors
Construction industry
Specifications
Economics
Rework
Supply chain
Costs
Production cost
Small and medium-sized enterprises
Unemployment
Best practice
Debt
Supply chain collaboration
Bankruptcy
Production improvement
Production efficiency
Structured interview

Cite this

Taggart, M., Koskela, L., & Rooke, J. (2013). The Role of the Supply Chain in Elimination and Reduction of Construction Rework and Defects: An Action Research Approach. In S. D. Smith, & D. D. Ahiaga-Dagbui (Eds.), Proceedings 29th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2013 (pp. 503-512). Association of Researchers in Construction Management.
Taggart, Martin ; Koskela, Lauri ; Rooke, John. / The Role of the Supply Chain in Elimination and Reduction of Construction Rework and Defects : An Action Research Approach. Proceedings 29th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2013. editor / Simon. D Smith ; Dominic. D Ahiaga-Dagbui. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 2013. pp. 503-512
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abstract = "During the past six years Ireland suffered a catastrophic economic reverse that impacted disproportionately on the construction industry, leading to a circa 80{\%} reduction in output. The results of this have been bankruptcy, unemployment and bad debt. The changed environment has spurred the contractors to attach ever greater emphasis to production efficiency and cost reduction as a means of survival. An Action Research (AR) approach was used in this research to focus on improving the strategies adopted by a SME contractor for the control of defects in its supply chain. It is conservatively estimated in the literature that rework typically accounts for circa 5{\%} of total project costs. Such activity is clearly wasteful and presents an obvious target to address. The AR intervention is at the diagnosing stage and involved examination of work on a pilot site, analysis of contract documents, including drawings, snag lists and specifications and semi-structured interviews with supply chain members. The results indicate the potential for the supply chain participants to both identify the root cause of defects and propose solutions, in terms of best practice to avoid future reoccurrence. Another key finding was the lack of any collaborative forums to contribute to production improvement and cost reduction. Additionally the processes, used to collect, manage and disseminate data on defects were found to be unstructured and uncoordinated, indicating scope for development of more useful methods. The research indicates good understanding of the potential benefits for supply chain collaboration but suggests the tools and knowledge to collaborate are currently lacking in the Irish SME sector.",
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Taggart, M, Koskela, L & Rooke, J 2013, The Role of the Supply Chain in Elimination and Reduction of Construction Rework and Defects: An Action Research Approach. in SD Smith & DD Ahiaga-Dagbui (eds), Proceedings 29th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2013. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, pp. 503-512, 29th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, Reading, United Kingdom, 2/09/13.

The Role of the Supply Chain in Elimination and Reduction of Construction Rework and Defects : An Action Research Approach. / Taggart, Martin; Koskela, Lauri; Rooke, John.

Proceedings 29th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2013. ed. / Simon. D Smith; Dominic. D Ahiaga-Dagbui. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 2013. p. 503-512.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - During the past six years Ireland suffered a catastrophic economic reverse that impacted disproportionately on the construction industry, leading to a circa 80% reduction in output. The results of this have been bankruptcy, unemployment and bad debt. The changed environment has spurred the contractors to attach ever greater emphasis to production efficiency and cost reduction as a means of survival. An Action Research (AR) approach was used in this research to focus on improving the strategies adopted by a SME contractor for the control of defects in its supply chain. It is conservatively estimated in the literature that rework typically accounts for circa 5% of total project costs. Such activity is clearly wasteful and presents an obvious target to address. The AR intervention is at the diagnosing stage and involved examination of work on a pilot site, analysis of contract documents, including drawings, snag lists and specifications and semi-structured interviews with supply chain members. The results indicate the potential for the supply chain participants to both identify the root cause of defects and propose solutions, in terms of best practice to avoid future reoccurrence. Another key finding was the lack of any collaborative forums to contribute to production improvement and cost reduction. Additionally the processes, used to collect, manage and disseminate data on defects were found to be unstructured and uncoordinated, indicating scope for development of more useful methods. The research indicates good understanding of the potential benefits for supply chain collaboration but suggests the tools and knowledge to collaborate are currently lacking in the Irish SME sector.

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M3 - Conference contribution

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EP - 512

BT - Proceedings 29th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2013

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PB - Association of Researchers in Construction Management

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Taggart M, Koskela L, Rooke J. The Role of the Supply Chain in Elimination and Reduction of Construction Rework and Defects: An Action Research Approach. In Smith SD, Ahiaga-Dagbui DD, editors, Proceedings 29th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2013. Association of Researchers in Construction Management. 2013. p. 503-512