"The Two Brothers": Reconciling Perceptual-Cognitive and Statistical Models of Musical Evolution

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Abstract

Various criticisms have been levelled against memetics. Putting aside that which claims it is a “meaningless metaphor” (Gould, in Blackmore, 1999, p. 17), another is that it is not truly scientific. This critique maintains that any insights memetics might offer are largely qualitative and intuitive (humanistic), rather than quantitative and empirical (scientific). Put more formally, this critique hinges partly on the Popperian notion of falsifiability (Popper, 1959), in the sense that to be seen as scientific memetics must be falsifiable, and for this to occur it needs to be formalized so that falsifiability can be assessed experimentally in relation to its specific claims. While the “units, events and dynamics” of memetic evolution have indeed been abstractly theorized (Lynch, 1998), they have not been applied systematically to real corpora in music. Some researchers, convinced of the validity of cultural evolution in more than the metaphorical sense adopted by much
musicology, but perhaps sceptical of some or all of the claims of memetics, have attempted corpus-analysis techniques of music drawn from molecular biology, and these have offered strong evidence in favour of system-level change over time (Savage, 2017). This article argues for a synthesis between such quantitative approaches to the study of music-cultural change and the theory of memetics as applied to music (Jan, 2007), in particular the latter’s perceptual-cognitive elements. It argues that molecular-biology approaches, while illuminating, ignore the psychological realities of music-information grouping, the transmission of such groups with varying degrees of fidelity, their selection according to relative perceptual-cognitive salience, and the power of this Darwinian process to drive the systemic changes that statistical methodologies measure.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Fourth International Conference on New Music Concepts (ICNMC 2017)
EditorsMichele Della Ventura
Place of PublicationMilan
PublisherAB Editore
Pages21-47
ISBN (Print)9788865512449
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017
Event4th International Conference on New Music Concepts - Studio Musica, Treviso, Italy
Duration: 16 Mar 201717 Mar 2017
Conference number: 4
http://www.studiomusicatreviso.it/icnmc/icnmc_2017.pdf (Link to Conference Details)

Conference

Conference4th International Conference on New Music Concepts
Abbreviated titleICNMC 2017
CountryItaly
CityTreviso
Period16/03/1717/03/17
Internet address

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    Jan, S. (2017). "The Two Brothers": Reconciling Perceptual-Cognitive and Statistical Models of Musical Evolution. In M. Della Ventura (Ed.), Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on New Music Concepts (ICNMC 2017) (pp. 21-47). Milan: AB Editore.