The Use of Bile Salt Micelles for the Prediction of Human Intestinal Absorption

Laura J. Waters, Dina S. Shokry, Gareth M B Parkes, John C. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Human intestinal absorption (HIA) will dictate biopharmaceutical performance through its influence on absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination and can vary significantly depending upon the nature of the compound under consideration. In this study, an in vitro assay method is proposed for the prediction of HIA through the measurement of drug solubility in an aqueous phase containing micellar bile salt, namely sodium deoxycholate. A series of twenty compounds, displaying a range of physicochemical properties and known HIA values, were analyzed using UV spectroscopy to determine a solubilization ratio for each compound. A micelle/water partition coefficient (Kxm/a) was calculated and then used to develop an equation through simple linear regression; logit HIA = −0.919 + 0.4618 logKxm/a (R2 = 0.85). From this equation, a value for % HIA was determined which compared well with literature. Furthermore, 4 additional drugs were then analyzed using the developed equation and found to match well with literature, confirming the suitability of the method. Using a simple, economic, and robust UV bile salt assay allows prediction of HIA and avoids many of the disadvantages of other techniques, such as animal-based methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3611-3614
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Issue number12
Early online date21 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016


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