The X-ray Crystal Structure of an Arthrobacter protophormiae Endo-β-N-Acetylglucosaminidase Reveals a (β/α)8 Catalytic Domain, Two Ancillary Domains and Active Site Residues Key for Transglycosylation Activity

Zhenlian Ling, Michel D L Suits, Richard J. Bingham, Neil C. Bruce, Gideon J. Davies, Antony J. Fairbanks, James W B Moir, Edward J. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glycoside hydrolase family GH85 is a family of endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidases that is responsible for the hydrolysis of β-1,4 linkage in the N,N-diacetylchitobiose core of N-linked glycans. The endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase from Arthrobacter protophormiae (Endo-A) is of particular interest, given its increasing use for the chemoenzymatic synthesis of bespoke N-glycans using N-glycan oxazolines as glycosyl donors. The E173Q variant of Endo-A is especially attractive for synthesis, as it is hydrolytically impaired but still able to catalyze N-glycan synthesis by transglycosylation using activated oxazoline donors. Here we present the three-dimensional structure of the A. protophormiae Endo-A E173Q variant, solved by multiple-wavelength anomalous scattering methods and refined at 1.8 Å resolution. The structure reveals that GH85 enzymes display a trimodular architecture in which a (β/α)8 catalytic domain occurs with two ancillary β-sheet modules. The active centre is fully consistent with the known neighboring-group catalytic mechanism in which E173 acts as the catalytic acid/base for reaction via an oxazoline intermediate. Of note is the presence of an asparagine in the active centre, in a position likely to interact with the acetyl NH group that, in all other known families of glycosidase using this mechanism, is an aspartate or glutamate residue. The substrate-binding surface reveals an open topography, consistent with the ability to accept a large range of glycoprotein substrates and the ability to transglycosylate other acceptors. The three-dimensional structure of this important biocatalyst reveals that residues implicated in the enhancement of transglycosylation and synthetic capacity are proximal to the active centre, where they may act to favor binding of acceptor substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume389
Issue number1
Early online date24 Mar 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Arthrobacter
Acetylglucosaminidase
Polysaccharides
Catalytic Domain
X-Rays
Glycoside Hydrolases
Asparagine
Enzymes
Aspartic Acid
Glutamic Acid
Glycoproteins
Hydrolysis
Acids
endo-alpha-sialidase

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Ling, Zhenlian ; Suits, Michel D L ; Bingham, Richard J. ; Bruce, Neil C. ; Davies, Gideon J. ; Fairbanks, Antony J. ; Moir, James W B ; Taylor, Edward J. / The X-ray Crystal Structure of an Arthrobacter protophormiae Endo-β-N-Acetylglucosaminidase Reveals a (β/α)8 Catalytic Domain, Two Ancillary Domains and Active Site Residues Key for Transglycosylation Activity. In: Journal of Molecular Biology. 2009 ; Vol. 389, No. 1. pp. 1-9.
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abstract = "Glycoside hydrolase family GH85 is a family of endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidases that is responsible for the hydrolysis of β-1,4 linkage in the N,N-diacetylchitobiose core of N-linked glycans. The endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase from Arthrobacter protophormiae (Endo-A) is of particular interest, given its increasing use for the chemoenzymatic synthesis of bespoke N-glycans using N-glycan oxazolines as glycosyl donors. The E173Q variant of Endo-A is especially attractive for synthesis, as it is hydrolytically impaired but still able to catalyze N-glycan synthesis by transglycosylation using activated oxazoline donors. Here we present the three-dimensional structure of the A. protophormiae Endo-A E173Q variant, solved by multiple-wavelength anomalous scattering methods and refined at 1.8 {\AA} resolution. The structure reveals that GH85 enzymes display a trimodular architecture in which a (β/α)8 catalytic domain occurs with two ancillary β-sheet modules. The active centre is fully consistent with the known neighboring-group catalytic mechanism in which E173 acts as the catalytic acid/base for reaction via an oxazoline intermediate. Of note is the presence of an asparagine in the active centre, in a position likely to interact with the acetyl NH group that, in all other known families of glycosidase using this mechanism, is an aspartate or glutamate residue. The substrate-binding surface reveals an open topography, consistent with the ability to accept a large range of glycoprotein substrates and the ability to transglycosylate other acceptors. The three-dimensional structure of this important biocatalyst reveals that residues implicated in the enhancement of transglycosylation and synthetic capacity are proximal to the active centre, where they may act to favor binding of acceptor substrates.",
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The X-ray Crystal Structure of an Arthrobacter protophormiae Endo-β-N-Acetylglucosaminidase Reveals a (β/α)8 Catalytic Domain, Two Ancillary Domains and Active Site Residues Key for Transglycosylation Activity. / Ling, Zhenlian; Suits, Michel D L; Bingham, Richard J.; Bruce, Neil C.; Davies, Gideon J.; Fairbanks, Antony J.; Moir, James W B; Taylor, Edward J.

In: Journal of Molecular Biology, Vol. 389, No. 1, 29.05.2009, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The X-ray Crystal Structure of an Arthrobacter protophormiae Endo-β-N-Acetylglucosaminidase Reveals a (β/α)8 Catalytic Domain, Two Ancillary Domains and Active Site Residues Key for Transglycosylation Activity

AU - Ling, Zhenlian

AU - Suits, Michel D L

AU - Bingham, Richard J.

AU - Bruce, Neil C.

AU - Davies, Gideon J.

AU - Fairbanks, Antony J.

AU - Moir, James W B

AU - Taylor, Edward J.

PY - 2009/5/29

Y1 - 2009/5/29

N2 - Glycoside hydrolase family GH85 is a family of endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidases that is responsible for the hydrolysis of β-1,4 linkage in the N,N-diacetylchitobiose core of N-linked glycans. The endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase from Arthrobacter protophormiae (Endo-A) is of particular interest, given its increasing use for the chemoenzymatic synthesis of bespoke N-glycans using N-glycan oxazolines as glycosyl donors. The E173Q variant of Endo-A is especially attractive for synthesis, as it is hydrolytically impaired but still able to catalyze N-glycan synthesis by transglycosylation using activated oxazoline donors. Here we present the three-dimensional structure of the A. protophormiae Endo-A E173Q variant, solved by multiple-wavelength anomalous scattering methods and refined at 1.8 Å resolution. The structure reveals that GH85 enzymes display a trimodular architecture in which a (β/α)8 catalytic domain occurs with two ancillary β-sheet modules. The active centre is fully consistent with the known neighboring-group catalytic mechanism in which E173 acts as the catalytic acid/base for reaction via an oxazoline intermediate. Of note is the presence of an asparagine in the active centre, in a position likely to interact with the acetyl NH group that, in all other known families of glycosidase using this mechanism, is an aspartate or glutamate residue. The substrate-binding surface reveals an open topography, consistent with the ability to accept a large range of glycoprotein substrates and the ability to transglycosylate other acceptors. The three-dimensional structure of this important biocatalyst reveals that residues implicated in the enhancement of transglycosylation and synthetic capacity are proximal to the active centre, where they may act to favor binding of acceptor substrates.

AB - Glycoside hydrolase family GH85 is a family of endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidases that is responsible for the hydrolysis of β-1,4 linkage in the N,N-diacetylchitobiose core of N-linked glycans. The endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase from Arthrobacter protophormiae (Endo-A) is of particular interest, given its increasing use for the chemoenzymatic synthesis of bespoke N-glycans using N-glycan oxazolines as glycosyl donors. The E173Q variant of Endo-A is especially attractive for synthesis, as it is hydrolytically impaired but still able to catalyze N-glycan synthesis by transglycosylation using activated oxazoline donors. Here we present the three-dimensional structure of the A. protophormiae Endo-A E173Q variant, solved by multiple-wavelength anomalous scattering methods and refined at 1.8 Å resolution. The structure reveals that GH85 enzymes display a trimodular architecture in which a (β/α)8 catalytic domain occurs with two ancillary β-sheet modules. The active centre is fully consistent with the known neighboring-group catalytic mechanism in which E173 acts as the catalytic acid/base for reaction via an oxazoline intermediate. Of note is the presence of an asparagine in the active centre, in a position likely to interact with the acetyl NH group that, in all other known families of glycosidase using this mechanism, is an aspartate or glutamate residue. The substrate-binding surface reveals an open topography, consistent with the ability to accept a large range of glycoprotein substrates and the ability to transglycosylate other acceptors. The three-dimensional structure of this important biocatalyst reveals that residues implicated in the enhancement of transglycosylation and synthetic capacity are proximal to the active centre, where they may act to favor binding of acceptor substrates.

KW - EC 3.2.1.96

KW - glycoside hydrolase

KW - substrate-assisted catalysis

KW - transglycosylase endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase

KW - X-ray structure

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U2 - 10.1016/j.jmb.2009.03.050

DO - 10.1016/j.jmb.2009.03.050

M3 - Article

VL - 389

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Journal of Molecular Biology

JF - Journal of Molecular Biology

SN - 0022-2836

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