Thermal Error Modelling of a CNC Machine Tool Feed Drive System using FEA Method

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Abstract

Recirculating ball screw systems are commonly used in machine tools and are one of the major heat sources which cause considerable thermal drift in CNC machine tools. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) method has been used successfully in the past to model the thermal characteristics of machine tools with promising results. Since FEA predictions are highly dependent on the efficacy of numerical parameters including the surrounding Boundary Conditions (BC), this study emphasises on an efficient modelling method to obtain optimised numerical parameters for acquiring a qualitative response from the feed drive system model. This study was performed on a medium size Vertical Machining Centre (VMC) feed drive system in which two parameter identification methods have been employed; the general prediction method based on formulae provided by OEMs, and the energy balance method. The parameters obtained from both methods were applied to the FEA model of the machine feed drive system and validated against experimental results. Correlation with which was increased from 70 % to 80 % using the energy balance method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-126
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Engineering Research & Technology
Volume5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2016

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