Topographic change and numerically modelled near surface wind flow in a bowl blowout

Thomas Smyth, Patrick Hesp, Ian Walker, Thad Wasklewisz, Paul Gares, Alexander Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A number of studies have measured and numerically modelled near surface wind velocity over a range of aeolian landforms and made suppositions about topographic change and landform evolution. However, the precise measurement and correlation of flow dynamics and resulting topographic change have not yet been fully realized. Here, using repeated high-resolution terrestrial laser scanning and numerical flow modelling within a bowl blowout, we statistically analyse the relationship between wind speed, vertical wind velocity, turbulent kinetic energy and topographic change over a 33-day period. Topographic results showed that erosion and deposition occurred in distinct regions within the blowout. Deposition occurred in the upwind third of the deflation basin, where wind flow became separated and velocity and turbulent kinetic energy decreased, and erosion occurred in the downwind third of the deflation basin, where wind flow reattached and aligned with incident wind direction. Statistical analysis of wind flow and topographic change indicated that wind speed had a strong correlation with overall topographic change and that vertical wind velocity (including both positive and negative) displayed a strong correlation with negative topographic change (erosion). Only weak or very weak correlations exist for wind flow parameters and positive topographic change (accretion). This study demonstrates that wind flow modelling using average incident wind conditions can be utilized successfully to identify regions of overall change and erosion for a complex aeolian landform, but not to identify and predict regions where solely accretion will occur.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1988-1999
Number of pages12
JournalEarth Surface Processes and Landforms
Volume44
Issue number10
Early online date1 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

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blowout
surface wind
erosion
deflation
wind velocity
incident
flow modeling
energy
kinetic energy
landform
accretion
landform evolution
statistical analysis
basin
wind direction
laser

Cite this

Smyth, Thomas ; Hesp, Patrick ; Walker, Ian ; Wasklewisz, Thad ; Gares, Paul ; Smith, Alexander. / Topographic change and numerically modelled near surface wind flow in a bowl blowout. In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 2019 ; Vol. 44, No. 10. pp. 1988-1999.
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abstract = "A number of studies have measured and numerically modelled near surface wind velocity over a range of aeolian landforms and made suppositions about topographic change and landform evolution. However, the precise measurement and correlation of flow dynamics and resulting topographic change have not yet been fully realized. Here, using repeated high-resolution terrestrial laser scanning and numerical flow modelling within a bowl blowout, we statistically analyse the relationship between wind speed, vertical wind velocity, turbulent kinetic energy and topographic change over a 33-day period. Topographic results showed that erosion and deposition occurred in distinct regions within the blowout. Deposition occurred in the upwind third of the deflation basin, where wind flow became separated and velocity and turbulent kinetic energy decreased, and erosion occurred in the downwind third of the deflation basin, where wind flow reattached and aligned with incident wind direction. Statistical analysis of wind flow and topographic change indicated that wind speed had a strong correlation with overall topographic change and that vertical wind velocity (including both positive and negative) displayed a strong correlation with negative topographic change (erosion). Only weak or very weak correlations exist for wind flow parameters and positive topographic change (accretion). This study demonstrates that wind flow modelling using average incident wind conditions can be utilized successfully to identify regions of overall change and erosion for a complex aeolian landform, but not to identify and predict regions where solely accretion will occur.",
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Topographic change and numerically modelled near surface wind flow in a bowl blowout. / Smyth, Thomas; Hesp, Patrick; Walker, Ian; Wasklewisz, Thad; Gares, Paul ; Smith, Alexander.

In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 44, No. 10, 01.08.2019, p. 1988-1999.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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