Towards Generation of As-Damaged BIM Models Using Laser-Scanning and As-Built BIM: First Estimate of As-Damaged Locations of Reinforced Concrete Frame Members in Masonry Infill Structures

Reem Zeibak-Shini, Rafael Sacks, Ling Ma, Sagi Filin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)


After an earthquake, Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) can capture point clouds of the damaged state of building facades rapidly, remotely and accurately. A long-term research effort aims to develop applications that can reconstruct ‘as-damaged’ BIM models of reinforced concrete (RC) framed buildings based on their ‘as-built’ BIM models and scans of their ‘as-damaged’ states. This paper focuses on a crucial step: generating an initial ‘best-guess’ for the new locations of the façade structural members. The output serves as the seed for a recursive process in which the location and damage to each object is refined in turn. Locating the ‘as-built’ structural members in the ‘as-damaged’ scan is challenging because each member may have different displacement and damage. An algorithm was developed and tested for the case of reinforced concrete frames with masonry infill walls. It exploits the topology of the frames to map the original structural grid onto the damaged façade. The tests used synthetic datasets prepared from records of two earthquake-damaged buildings. In both cases, the results were sufficiently accurate to allow progress to the following step, assessment of the individual structural members.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-326
Number of pages15
JournalAdvanced Engineering Informatics
Issue number3
Early online date11 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


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