Transfer Learning Convolutional Neural Network for Sleep Stage Classification Using Two-Stage Data Fusion Framework

Mehdi Abdollahpour, Tohid Yousefi Rezaii, Ali Farzamnia, Ismail Saad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The most important part of sleep quality assessment is the classification of sleep stages, which helps to diagnose sleep-related disease. In the traditional sleep staging method, subjects have to spend a night in the sleep clinic for recording polysomnogram. Sleep expert classifies the sleep stages by monitoring the signals, which is time consuming and frustrating task and can be affected by human error. New studies propose fully automated techniques for classifying sleep stages that makes sleep scoring possible at home. Despite comprehensive studies have been presented in this field the classification results have not yet reached the gold standard due to the concentration on the use of a limited source of information such as single channel EEG. Therefore, this article introduces a new method for fusing two sources of information, including electroencephalogram (EEG) and electrooculogram (EOG), to achieve promising results in the classification of sleep stages. In the proposed method, extracted features from the EEG and EOG signals, are divided into two feature sets consisting of the EEG features and fused features of EEG and EOG. Then, each feature set transformed into a horizontal visibility graph (HVG). The images of the HVG are produced in a novel framework and classified by proposed transfer learning convolutional neural network for data fusion (TLCNN-DF). Employing transfer learning at the training stage of the model has accelerated the training process of the CNN and improved the performance of the model. The proposed algorithm is used to classify the Sleep-EDF and Sleep-EDFx benchmark datasets. The algorithm can classify the Sleep-EDF dataset with an accuracy of 93.58% and Cohen's kappa coefficient of 0.899. The results show proposed method can achieve superior performance compared to state-of-the-art studies on classification of sleep stages. Furthermore, it can attain reliable results as an alternative to conventional sleep staging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9207894
Pages (from-to)180618-180632
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date28 Sep 2020
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes

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