Transformation of urban villages in the city of Hanoi, Vietnam

Kien Ngo, Yun Gao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In Vietnam, urban village is a unique phenomenon that highlights the process when farming villages were transformed into urban environment under the influence of rapid urbanization. In Hanoi, Vietnam, urban villages were formed when cities sprawled and surrounded the adjacent villages within the urbanized landscape. To take advantage of the urban surrounding, residents in those villages transformed their dwellings into rented accommodation for those who could not afford expensive renting cost elsewhere in cities.

Urban villages provided alternative urban spaces to suit the special needs of various groups, such as immigrants. However, due to the self-built natures of buildings in urban villages, there were concerns about health issues in those built environments such as poor qualities of ventilation, lighting, or fire escape routes, together with the lack of appropriate public space or provision of basic facilities. This paper studies urban villages in Hanoi, examining the historical and social background of villages, and exploring issues such as the health equality and neighborhood support and wellbeing. Some comparison will also be drawn between the urban villages in Vietnam and those in China, which developed in similar rapid urbanization processes.

The study aims to provide more information on how fundamental economic and social changes might bring new healthy problems and the possible solutions to those issues. Case studies, direct observation, interviews and archive study are key research methods for this project. The project aims to contribute to the growing body of knowledge about the interconnection and potential solutions to the problems associated with health and the built environment.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationHealth: The Design, Planning and Politics of How and Where We Live
EditorsMatthew Jones, Louis Rice, Fidel Meraz
Pages53-63
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventHealth: The Design, Planning and Politics of How and Where We Live - University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom
Duration: 25 Jan 201826 Jan 2018
http://architecturemps.com/bristol-2018/ (Link to Conference Website )

Publication series

NameAMPS Proceedings Series 11
PublisherArchitecture Media Politics Society
No.11
ISSN (Print)2398-9467

Conference

ConferenceHealth
Abbreviated titleAMPS Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBristol
Period25/01/1826/01/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

Vietnam
village
urbanization
health
social background
interconnection
public space
economic change
work environment
accommodation
research method
social change
equality
building
immigrant
resident
China
lack
costs
interview

Cite this

Ngo, K., & Gao, Y. (2018). Transformation of urban villages in the city of Hanoi, Vietnam. In M. Jones, L. Rice, & F. Meraz (Eds.), Health: The Design, Planning and Politics of How and Where We Live (pp. 53-63). (AMPS Proceedings Series 11; No. 11).
Ngo, Kien ; Gao, Yun. / Transformation of urban villages in the city of Hanoi, Vietnam. Health: The Design, Planning and Politics of How and Where We Live . editor / Matthew Jones ; Louis Rice ; Fidel Meraz. 2018. pp. 53-63 (AMPS Proceedings Series 11; 11).
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abstract = "In Vietnam, urban village is a unique phenomenon that highlights the process when farming villages were transformed into urban environment under the influence of rapid urbanization. In Hanoi, Vietnam, urban villages were formed when cities sprawled and surrounded the adjacent villages within the urbanized landscape. To take advantage of the urban surrounding, residents in those villages transformed their dwellings into rented accommodation for those who could not afford expensive renting cost elsewhere in cities. Urban villages provided alternative urban spaces to suit the special needs of various groups, such as immigrants. However, due to the self-built natures of buildings in urban villages, there were concerns about health issues in those built environments such as poor qualities of ventilation, lighting, or fire escape routes, together with the lack of appropriate public space or provision of basic facilities. This paper studies urban villages in Hanoi, examining the historical and social background of villages, and exploring issues such as the health equality and neighborhood support and wellbeing. Some comparison will also be drawn between the urban villages in Vietnam and those in China, which developed in similar rapid urbanization processes. The study aims to provide more information on how fundamental economic and social changes might bring new healthy problems and the possible solutions to those issues. Case studies, direct observation, interviews and archive study are key research methods for this project. The project aims to contribute to the growing body of knowledge about the interconnection and potential solutions to the problems associated with health and the built environment.",
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Ngo, K & Gao, Y 2018, Transformation of urban villages in the city of Hanoi, Vietnam. in M Jones, L Rice & F Meraz (eds), Health: The Design, Planning and Politics of How and Where We Live . AMPS Proceedings Series 11, no. 11, pp. 53-63, Health, Bristol, United Kingdom, 25/01/18.

Transformation of urban villages in the city of Hanoi, Vietnam. / Ngo, Kien; Gao, Yun.

Health: The Design, Planning and Politics of How and Where We Live . ed. / Matthew Jones; Louis Rice; Fidel Meraz. 2018. p. 53-63 (AMPS Proceedings Series 11; No. 11).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Ngo, Kien

AU - Gao, Yun

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N2 - In Vietnam, urban village is a unique phenomenon that highlights the process when farming villages were transformed into urban environment under the influence of rapid urbanization. In Hanoi, Vietnam, urban villages were formed when cities sprawled and surrounded the adjacent villages within the urbanized landscape. To take advantage of the urban surrounding, residents in those villages transformed their dwellings into rented accommodation for those who could not afford expensive renting cost elsewhere in cities. Urban villages provided alternative urban spaces to suit the special needs of various groups, such as immigrants. However, due to the self-built natures of buildings in urban villages, there were concerns about health issues in those built environments such as poor qualities of ventilation, lighting, or fire escape routes, together with the lack of appropriate public space or provision of basic facilities. This paper studies urban villages in Hanoi, examining the historical and social background of villages, and exploring issues such as the health equality and neighborhood support and wellbeing. Some comparison will also be drawn between the urban villages in Vietnam and those in China, which developed in similar rapid urbanization processes. The study aims to provide more information on how fundamental economic and social changes might bring new healthy problems and the possible solutions to those issues. Case studies, direct observation, interviews and archive study are key research methods for this project. The project aims to contribute to the growing body of knowledge about the interconnection and potential solutions to the problems associated with health and the built environment.

AB - In Vietnam, urban village is a unique phenomenon that highlights the process when farming villages were transformed into urban environment under the influence of rapid urbanization. In Hanoi, Vietnam, urban villages were formed when cities sprawled and surrounded the adjacent villages within the urbanized landscape. To take advantage of the urban surrounding, residents in those villages transformed their dwellings into rented accommodation for those who could not afford expensive renting cost elsewhere in cities. Urban villages provided alternative urban spaces to suit the special needs of various groups, such as immigrants. However, due to the self-built natures of buildings in urban villages, there were concerns about health issues in those built environments such as poor qualities of ventilation, lighting, or fire escape routes, together with the lack of appropriate public space or provision of basic facilities. This paper studies urban villages in Hanoi, examining the historical and social background of villages, and exploring issues such as the health equality and neighborhood support and wellbeing. Some comparison will also be drawn between the urban villages in Vietnam and those in China, which developed in similar rapid urbanization processes. The study aims to provide more information on how fundamental economic and social changes might bring new healthy problems and the possible solutions to those issues. Case studies, direct observation, interviews and archive study are key research methods for this project. The project aims to contribute to the growing body of knowledge about the interconnection and potential solutions to the problems associated with health and the built environment.

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Ngo K, Gao Y. Transformation of urban villages in the city of Hanoi, Vietnam. In Jones M, Rice L, Meraz F, editors, Health: The Design, Planning and Politics of How and Where We Live . 2018. p. 53-63. (AMPS Proceedings Series 11; 11).