Turkish football, match-fixing and the fan’s media: A case study of Fenerbahçe fans

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Football was imported to Turkey by British merchants in the 1890s and has since become the most popular sport in the country (Irak, 2013: 30-31). While football is popular nationwide, the leading football clubs are predominantly concentrated in the city of Istanbul. Nearly 95 per cent of football enthusiasts throughout Turkey support either Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray or Beşiktaş - known as the 'three giants' of Turkish football (En fazla taraftari, 2012). These three clubs owe their popularity to their historical position as Turkey's semi-official 'national team'. Throughout the 1910s, for example, these clubs represented rising Turkish nationalism and the ethnic rivalries against Greek and Armenian teams, and layer against occupation forces in the late Ottoman period (Gökaçt1, 2008: 70-73). These teams have subsequently managed to preserve their symbolic status in the modern era football. 
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSports Events, Society and Culture
EditorsKatherine Dashper, Thomas Fletcher, Nicola McCullough
Place of PublicationAbingdon & New York
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780203528020
ISBN (Print)9780415826754, 9781138082502
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameRoutledge Advances in Event Research Series


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