Football was imported to Turkey by British merchants in the 1890s and has since become the most popular sport in the country (Irak, 2013: 30-31). While football is popular nationwide, the leading football clubs are predominantly concentrated in the city of Istanbul. Nearly 95 per cent of football enthusiasts throughout Turkey support either Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray or Beşiktaş - known as the 'three giants' of Turkish football (En fazla taraftari, 2012). These three clubs owe their popularity to their historical position as Turkey's semi-official 'national team'. Throughout the 1910s, for example, these clubs represented rising Turkish nationalism and the ethnic rivalries against Greek and Armenian teams, and layer against occupation forces in the late Ottoman period (Gökaçt1, 2008: 70-73). These teams have subsequently managed to preserve their symbolic status in the modern era football.
|Title of host publication||Sports Events, Society and Culture|
|Editors||Katherine Dashper, Thomas Fletcher, Nicola McCullough|
|Place of Publication||Abingdon & New York|
|Number of pages||14|
|ISBN (Print)||9780415826754, 9781138082502|
|Publication status||Published - 8 Jul 2014|
|Name||Routledge Advances in Event Research Series|