Ultrasonic guided wave-based debond identification in a GFRP plate with L-stiffener

Kaleeswaran Balasubramaniam, Shirsendu Sikdar, Tomasz Wandowski, Pawel H. Malinowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a robust assessment of debond in a glass fibre-reinforced polymer composite structure with L-stiffener attachment. Towards this, the ultrasonic guided wave (GW) propagation based laboratory experiments have been carried out on a stiffened composite panel with piezoelectric transducers for the excitation of GWs and a scanning laser Doppler vibrometer for sensing the GW propagation. To study the changes caused by the stiffener and debond a signal processing based multi-point analysis has been carried out. The proposed methodology consists of two steps. Step 1 using the full wavefield root mean square energy map-based approach to check the presence of debond. Step 2 using point-wise measurements to study debond localization and size estimation using a baseline free signal coefficient difference algorithm (SCDA). The proposed processing approaches are applied for an in-depth analysis of the experimental signals that provide information about the interaction of GWs with stiffener and debond. The mentioned approaches take advantage of the asymmetry caused by the damage. For the applied SCDA methodology there is no need for full-wavefield measurements, healthy case measurements, as only a few measurement points can be enough for the assessment of stiffener debond in such structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015023
Number of pages11
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Issue number1
Early online date30 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

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