Understanding the Informal Morphology Of Villages-In-The-City: A Case Study In Hanoi City, Vietnam

Ngo Kien Thinh, Yun Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores the production of space in the villages-in-the-city (ViCs) through a morphological perspective. During the urbanization process, rural villages originally located in the peri-area of a metropolis are eventually merged into the urban landscape. Due to lack of proper planning, these villages have faced serious criticism due to informality, self-organized development and sub-standard living conditions, and planning policies tend to focus on demolition rather than on incrementally upgrading ViCs on the same site. In this paper, we focus on the fluidity of spaces in ViCs by drawing on a case study in Hanoi, Vietnam. The key research methods are mapping, observation and visual recording. The findings illustrate how informal urbanism works in ViCs regarding spatial structure, public/private interfaces and incremental upgrading. On a theoretical level, this research helps to enrich the description of the morphological characteristics of ViCs with relation to the effects of rapid urbanization. On a practical level, this study contributes to the ways in which researchers and planners can engage with incremental changes in the integrated village.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13136
Number of pages16
Issue number23
Early online date27 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


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