User Involvement in Building Design: a State-of-the-Art Review

Michele Caroline Bueno Ferrari Caixeta, Patricia Tzortzopoulos, Márcio M. Fabricio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper reports results of a systematic literature review on the
definitions and levels of user involvement in the design process.
Although many studies have highlighted the importance of user
involvement for the quality of both process and final product, the
term still lacks a clear definition and different models describe
diverse involvement levels, which are detrimental to the
advancement of knowledge in the area. The present study focused
on the mapping of definitions of user involvement and
comparisons of the different proposals of involvement levels for
outlining a clear definition of the term, based on the levels of
involvement, and contributing to the consolidation of the theory of
user involvement in the field of architectural design. Moreover, this
research assists architects to find the most appropriate level of
user involvement for the design they are developing, improving the
practice of involving users in the design process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalPós. Revista Do Programa De Pós-Graduação Em Arquitetura E Urbanismo Da FAUUSP
Issue number48
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2019


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