Validation of the Spanish Version of the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale

Angelo Fasce, Diego Avendano, Neil Dagnall, Andrew Denovan, Álex Escolà-Gascón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Theorists acknowledge that conspiracy beliefs represent an established psychological construct. The study of conspiracy beliefs is important because allied ideation potentially influences everyday attitudes and behaviors across a range of domains (i.e., cognitive, social, cross-cultural, and political psychology). In this article, we analyze the internal structure and construct validity of the Spanish adaptation of the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale (GCBS). Correlational and confirmatory factor analyses using an international sample of 732 Spanish-speakers revealed a five-factor structure equivalent to the original instrument. Convergent validity was demonstrated using educational level, political orientation, need for uniqueness, and four social axioms (social cynicism, religiosity, reward for application, and fate control). In comparison to two English samples (N = 794 and N = 421), the adaptation demonstrated satisfactory, although restricted, levels of invariance. Accordingly, findings support the use of this translated form of the GCBS with Spanish speakers.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere25
Number of pages11
JournalSpanish Journal of Psychology
Issue number3
Early online date10 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2022


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