Variation in the FACE vowel across West Yorkshire: Implications for forensic speaker comparisons

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In the field of sociophonetics, research is largely focused on the documentation of regional variability. However, the majority of literature in the United Kingdom often reports on variation at a macro-level (e.g. Northern, Yorkshire, West Yorkshire) rather than at a more local level (e.g. West Yorkshire: Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Leeds, Wakefield). Traditionally, for sociophoneticians, examining regional variation at a broader level is adequate for answering research questions related to language change or more general variation. For practical applications (e.g. forensic, speech technology), however, more fine-grained regional analysis is necessary. This paper analyses over 2000 FACE tokens from three metropolitan boroughs (Bradford, Kirklees and Wakefield) within West Yorkshire, in order to determine the extent to which F1~F3 vary across the region. Results suggest that for FACE, these three boroughs within West Yorkshire are more regionally stratified than previously acknowledged. These findings are of particular importance to the forensic speech science community, as experts rely on these regional nuances in order to make important judgments related to strength of the speech evidence in a case. Should decisions be made without the greater understanding of local-level variation, the strength of evidence risks being over- or under-estimated.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Interspeech 2018, September 2-6 2018, Hyderabad
Number of pages5
StateAccepted/In press - 3 Jun 2018
EventInterspeech 2018 - Hyderabad International Convention Centre, Hyderabad, India
Duration: 2 Sep 20186 Sep 2018
http://interspeech2018.org/index.html

Conference

ConferenceInterspeech 2018
CountryIndia
CityHyderabad
Period2/09/186/09/18
Internet address

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regional analysis
language change
macro level
regional difference
documentation
evidence
expert
science
community
literature

Cite this

@inproceedings{dcfd7ece8e144a1eaef271945f2403cd,
title = "Variation in the FACE vowel across West Yorkshire: Implications for forensic speaker comparisons",
abstract = "In the field of sociophonetics, research is largely focused on the documentation of regional variability. However, the majority of literature in the United Kingdom often reports on variation at a macro-level (e.g. Northern, Yorkshire, West Yorkshire) rather than at a more local level (e.g. West Yorkshire: Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Leeds, Wakefield). Traditionally, for sociophoneticians, examining regional variation at a broader level is adequate for answering research questions related to language change or more general variation. For practical applications (e.g. forensic, speech technology), however, more fine-grained regional analysis is necessary. This paper analyses over 2000 FACE tokens from three metropolitan boroughs (Bradford, Kirklees and Wakefield) within West Yorkshire, in order to determine the extent to which F1~F3 vary across the region. Results suggest that for FACE, these three boroughs within West Yorkshire are more regionally stratified than previously acknowledged. These findings are of particular importance to the forensic speech science community, as experts rely on these regional nuances in order to make important judgments related to strength of the speech evidence in a case. Should decisions be made without the greater understanding of local-level variation, the strength of evidence risks being over- or under-estimated.",
keywords = "FACE, forensic speech science, regional variation, sociophonetics, speech science, vowels, West Yorkshire",
author = "Katherine Earnshaw and Erica Gold",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "3",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Proceedings of Interspeech 2018, September 2-6 2018, Hyderabad",

}

Earnshaw, K & Gold, E 2018, Variation in the FACE vowel across West Yorkshire: Implications for forensic speaker comparisons. in Proceedings of Interspeech 2018, September 2-6 2018, Hyderabad. Interspeech 2018, Hyderabad, India, 2/09/18.

Variation in the FACE vowel across West Yorkshire : Implications for forensic speaker comparisons. / Earnshaw, Katherine; Gold, Erica.

Proceedings of Interspeech 2018, September 2-6 2018, Hyderabad. 2018.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Variation in the FACE vowel across West Yorkshire

T2 - Implications for forensic speaker comparisons

AU - Earnshaw,Katherine

AU - Gold,Erica

PY - 2018/6/3

Y1 - 2018/6/3

N2 - In the field of sociophonetics, research is largely focused on the documentation of regional variability. However, the majority of literature in the United Kingdom often reports on variation at a macro-level (e.g. Northern, Yorkshire, West Yorkshire) rather than at a more local level (e.g. West Yorkshire: Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Leeds, Wakefield). Traditionally, for sociophoneticians, examining regional variation at a broader level is adequate for answering research questions related to language change or more general variation. For practical applications (e.g. forensic, speech technology), however, more fine-grained regional analysis is necessary. This paper analyses over 2000 FACE tokens from three metropolitan boroughs (Bradford, Kirklees and Wakefield) within West Yorkshire, in order to determine the extent to which F1~F3 vary across the region. Results suggest that for FACE, these three boroughs within West Yorkshire are more regionally stratified than previously acknowledged. These findings are of particular importance to the forensic speech science community, as experts rely on these regional nuances in order to make important judgments related to strength of the speech evidence in a case. Should decisions be made without the greater understanding of local-level variation, the strength of evidence risks being over- or under-estimated.

AB - In the field of sociophonetics, research is largely focused on the documentation of regional variability. However, the majority of literature in the United Kingdom often reports on variation at a macro-level (e.g. Northern, Yorkshire, West Yorkshire) rather than at a more local level (e.g. West Yorkshire: Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Leeds, Wakefield). Traditionally, for sociophoneticians, examining regional variation at a broader level is adequate for answering research questions related to language change or more general variation. For practical applications (e.g. forensic, speech technology), however, more fine-grained regional analysis is necessary. This paper analyses over 2000 FACE tokens from three metropolitan boroughs (Bradford, Kirklees and Wakefield) within West Yorkshire, in order to determine the extent to which F1~F3 vary across the region. Results suggest that for FACE, these three boroughs within West Yorkshire are more regionally stratified than previously acknowledged. These findings are of particular importance to the forensic speech science community, as experts rely on these regional nuances in order to make important judgments related to strength of the speech evidence in a case. Should decisions be made without the greater understanding of local-level variation, the strength of evidence risks being over- or under-estimated.

KW - FACE

KW - forensic speech science

KW - regional variation

KW - sociophonetics

KW - speech science

KW - vowels

KW - West Yorkshire

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - Proceedings of Interspeech 2018, September 2-6 2018, Hyderabad

ER -

Earnshaw K, Gold E. Variation in the FACE vowel across West Yorkshire: Implications for forensic speaker comparisons. In Proceedings of Interspeech 2018, September 2-6 2018, Hyderabad. 2018.