Variations of Micro-climatic Conditions in Residential Neighbourhoods in Ho Chi Minh City

Hung Thanh Dang, Adrian Pitts

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The 5-year cycle of residential planning in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) has underestimated population growth since 1991. This has resulted in the disruptive and uncontrolled expansion of settlement across the city. The outcome is a complicated mix of new spontaneous dwelling areas in the city featuring a number of distinct urban morphologies. Some previous studies have shown impacts of such urban morphologies on the comfort levels in outdoor environments. The paper examines the correlation of microclimatic conditions and constituents that create the urban spatial form of residential neighbourhoods in HCMC. A total of seven dwelling urban patterns were studied. Field measurements of physical variables were conducted in summer 2017 whilst the meteorological data were recorded. Furthermore, in studies of two urban types, the microclimatic characteristics were found to vary under different urban contexts. During warm months, the outdoor thermal conditions for pedestrians were found to have average air temperatures between 32-34°C; a range of wind flow at the occupied level from 0.1-0.9m/s, and average humidity level of 57-60% over all types surveyed. The occupants’ delight in outdoor comfort was found in formally planned dwelling blocks; meanwhile, the compact neighbourhoods were characterised by cooler temperatures but poor airflows and daylighting.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationPLEA 2018
Subtitle of host publicationSmart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit: 34th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture
EditorsEdward Ng, Square Fong, Chao Ren
Pages206-211
Number of pages6
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9789628272365
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018
EventPassive and Low Energy Architecture: Smart and Healthy Within the 2-Degree Limit - The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Duration: 10 Dec 201812 Dec 2018
http://www.plea2018.org/ (Link to Conference Website)

Conference

ConferencePassive and Low Energy Architecture
Abbreviated titlePLEA 2018
CountryHong Kong
CityHong Kong
Period10/12/1812/12/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

urban morphology
pedestrian
airflow
population growth
humidity
air temperature
city
summer
dwelling
temperature
planning

Cite this

Dang, H. T., & Pitts, A. (2018). Variations of Micro-climatic Conditions in Residential Neighbourhoods in Ho Chi Minh City. In E. Ng, S. Fong, & C. Ren (Eds.), PLEA 2018 : Smart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit: 34th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture (Vol. 1, pp. 206-211)
Dang, Hung Thanh ; Pitts, Adrian. / Variations of Micro-climatic Conditions in Residential Neighbourhoods in Ho Chi Minh City. PLEA 2018 : Smart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit: 34th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture. editor / Edward Ng ; Square Fong ; Chao Ren. Vol. 1 2018. pp. 206-211
@inproceedings{1f466890cb534f04afbc1ea4983575dd,
title = "Variations of Micro-climatic Conditions in Residential Neighbourhoods in Ho Chi Minh City",
abstract = "The 5-year cycle of residential planning in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) has underestimated population growth since 1991. This has resulted in the disruptive and uncontrolled expansion of settlement across the city. The outcome is a complicated mix of new spontaneous dwelling areas in the city featuring a number of distinct urban morphologies. Some previous studies have shown impacts of such urban morphologies on the comfort levels in outdoor environments. The paper examines the correlation of microclimatic conditions and constituents that create the urban spatial form of residential neighbourhoods in HCMC. A total of seven dwelling urban patterns were studied. Field measurements of physical variables were conducted in summer 2017 whilst the meteorological data were recorded. Furthermore, in studies of two urban types, the microclimatic characteristics were found to vary under different urban contexts. During warm months, the outdoor thermal conditions for pedestrians were found to have average air temperatures between 32-34°C; a range of wind flow at the occupied level from 0.1-0.9m/s, and average humidity level of 57-60{\%} over all types surveyed. The occupants’ delight in outdoor comfort was found in formally planned dwelling blocks; meanwhile, the compact neighbourhoods were characterised by cooler temperatures but poor airflows and daylighting.",
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Dang, HT & Pitts, A 2018, Variations of Micro-climatic Conditions in Residential Neighbourhoods in Ho Chi Minh City. in E Ng, S Fong & C Ren (eds), PLEA 2018 : Smart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit: 34th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture. vol. 1, pp. 206-211, Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 10/12/18.

Variations of Micro-climatic Conditions in Residential Neighbourhoods in Ho Chi Minh City. / Dang, Hung Thanh; Pitts, Adrian.

PLEA 2018 : Smart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit: 34th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture. ed. / Edward Ng; Square Fong; Chao Ren. Vol. 1 2018. p. 206-211.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Dang HT, Pitts A. Variations of Micro-climatic Conditions in Residential Neighbourhoods in Ho Chi Minh City. In Ng E, Fong S, Ren C, editors, PLEA 2018 : Smart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit: 34th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture. Vol. 1. 2018. p. 206-211