Vertical stereophonic localization in the presence of interchannel crosstalk: The analysis of frequency-dependent localization thresholds

Rory Wallis, Hyunkook Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


Listening tests were conducted in order to investigate the frequency dependency of localization thresholds in relation to vertical interchannel crosstalk. Octave band and broadband pink noise stimuli were presented to subjects as phantom images from vertically arranged stereophonic loudspeakers located directly in front of the listening position. With respect to the listening position the lower loudspeaker was not elevated; the upper loudspeaker was elevated by 30?. Subjects completed a method of adjustment task in which they were required to reduce the amplitude of the upper loudspeaker until the resultant phantom image matched the position of the same stimulus presented from the lower loudspeaker alone. The upper loudspeaker was delayed with respect to the lower by 0, 0.5, 1, 5, and 10 ms. The experimental data demonstrated that the main effect of frequency on the localization threshold was significant, with the low frequency stimuli (125 and 250 Hz) requiring significantly less level reduction (less than 6 dB) than the mid-high (1, 2, and 8 kHz) frequency stimuli (9-10.5 dB reduction). The main effect of interchannel time difference (ICTD) on the localization thresholds for each octave band was found to be non-significant. For all stimuli interchannel level difference (ICLD) was always necessary, indicating that the precedence effect is not a feature of median plane localization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-770
Number of pages9
JournalAES: Journal of the Audio Engineering Society
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2016


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