A diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is associated with lifestyle modifications, one of which concerns alcohol consumption. However, many if not all aspects of an individual's lifestyle have personal historic, symbolic and ritual qualities and patterns as well as wider social contexts. Therefore, any alteration of lifestyle has wider, possibly major and negative consequences for that individual, such as social alienation and psychological turmoil, undermining the individual's feeling of Well-being. This article describes the significant themes from a literature review that aimed to identify the relationship between lifestyle modifications and type 2 diabetes. The findings may help to shed light on the issues and challenges nurses face in delivering support to individuals with type 2 diabetes in clinical practice.