Wildfires, Smoky Days, and Labour Supply

Ron Chan, Martino Pelli, Veronica Vienne

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

We study the impact of air pollution on labor supply in Chile. We use the exogenous incidence of wildfires between 2010 and 2018 to identify the causal impact of air pollution on labor supply. We complement the literature that focuses on health or worker productivity and empirically estimate the economic costs of air pollution. We adopt a reduced form approach to estimate the economic impact of experiencing an additional smoky day on the number of hours worked, based on the random assignment of the day of visit for the National Labor Survey and the exogenous occurrence of wildfires. We find that a marginal increase of air pollution due to an extra smoky day leads to a 2.6 percent reduction in hours worked for the average Chilean worker. The effect is more substantial for male workers, mainly involved in outdoor tasks (such as agriculture) and poor households, where the negative effect of air pollution is up to four times higher. These results complement existing productivity results, suggesting that air pollution may have a more critical impact on production than previously thought.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication9th IZA Workshop
Subtitle of host publicationEnvironment, Health and Labor Markets
PublisherForschungsinstitut zur zukunft der arbeit GmbH (IZA)
Pages1-68
Number of pages68
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022
Externally publishedYes
Event9th IZA Workshop: Environment, Health and Labor Markets - Virtual, Online
Duration: 14 Jun 202215 Jun 2022
Conference number: 9
https://conference.iza.org/conference_files/environ_2022/program

Conference

Conference9th IZA Workshop
CityOnline
Period14/06/2215/06/22
Internet address

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