Young adults’ knowledge and attitudes towards Cardiovascular Disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Ronald Trejo, Wendy Cross, John Stephenson, Karen-leigh Edward

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims and objectives: To explore young adult’s knowledge and attitudes of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors.
Background: Cardiovascular disease morbidity is rising and mortality is declining among young adults. However, the knowledge of cardiovascular disease by young adults is not well known.
Design: A systematic review with meta-analysis was used.
Methods: The databases of CINHAL, Medline Complete, PsychINFO and Psycharticles were searched for all studies published before June 2016. Search terms included cardiovascular disease, young adult, attitude and knowledge. Papers were included if they were published in English and reported quantitative research with a study population between the ages of 18 to 34 years, with a focus on knowledge and attitudes to cardiovascular disease. Meta-analyses were conducted to assess the extent of knowledge of risk factors on heart disease.
Results: Nine risk factors for cardiovascular disease were identified by the respondents; smoking (synthesized estimate of 55% of respondents identifying as a risk factor, 95% confidence interval of synthesized estimate 45-65%); obesity (27%, 95% CI, 26-29%); high blood cholesterol (33%, 95% CI, 12-54%); high blood pressure (25%, 95% CI, 18-32%); genetic factors (26%, 95% CI, 23-29%); physical inactivity (39%, 95% CI, 30-47%); stress (49%, 95% CI, 48-51%); advancing age (10%, 95% CI, 8-12%) and diet (55%, 95% CI, 54-56%).
Conclusion: Young adults demonstrate limited knowledge and poor attitudes regarding cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. The finding of this review demonstrates that there is an urgent need to build knowledge of cardiovascular risk identification in this population group.
Relevance to clinical practice: Increasing cardiovascular disease in young adults will put stress in the health care system financially and economically. There is a need of awareness of cardiovascular disease in this population group.
LanguageEnglish
Pages4245-4256
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume27
Issue number23-24
Early online date18 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

Meta-Analysis
Young Adult
Cardiovascular Diseases
Population Groups
Heart Diseases
Obesity
Smoking
Cholesterol
Databases
Confidence Intervals
Diet
Hypertension
Morbidity
Delivery of Health Care
Mortality
Research
Population

Cite this

@article{2e27e6d577ff40688647ad61ad210251,
title = "Young adults’ knowledge and attitudes towards Cardiovascular Disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis",
abstract = "Aims and objectives: To explore young adult’s knowledge and attitudes of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. Background: Cardiovascular disease morbidity is rising and mortality is declining among young adults. However, the knowledge of cardiovascular disease by young adults is not well known.Design: A systematic review with meta-analysis was used.Methods: The databases of CINHAL, Medline Complete, PsychINFO and Psycharticles were searched for all studies published before June 2016. Search terms included cardiovascular disease, young adult, attitude and knowledge. Papers were included if they were published in English and reported quantitative research with a study population between the ages of 18 to 34 years, with a focus on knowledge and attitudes to cardiovascular disease. Meta-analyses were conducted to assess the extent of knowledge of risk factors on heart disease. Results: Nine risk factors for cardiovascular disease were identified by the respondents; smoking (synthesized estimate of 55{\%} of respondents identifying as a risk factor, 95{\%} confidence interval of synthesized estimate 45-65{\%}); obesity (27{\%}, 95{\%} CI, 26-29{\%}); high blood cholesterol (33{\%}, 95{\%} CI, 12-54{\%}); high blood pressure (25{\%}, 95{\%} CI, 18-32{\%}); genetic factors (26{\%}, 95{\%} CI, 23-29{\%}); physical inactivity (39{\%}, 95{\%} CI, 30-47{\%}); stress (49{\%}, 95{\%} CI, 48-51{\%}); advancing age (10{\%}, 95{\%} CI, 8-12{\%}) and diet (55{\%}, 95{\%} CI, 54-56{\%}). Conclusion: Young adults demonstrate limited knowledge and poor attitudes regarding cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. The finding of this review demonstrates that there is an urgent need to build knowledge of cardiovascular risk identification in this population group.Relevance to clinical practice: Increasing cardiovascular disease in young adults will put stress in the health care system financially and economically. There is a need of awareness of cardiovascular disease in this population group.",
keywords = "attitude, cardiovascular disease, knowledge, risk factors, young adults",
author = "Ronald Trejo and Wendy Cross and John Stephenson and Karen-leigh Edward",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jocn.14517",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "4245--4256",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Nursing",
issn = "0962-1067",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "23-24",

}

Young adults’ knowledge and attitudes towards Cardiovascular Disease : a systematic review and meta-analysis. / Trejo, Ronald; Cross, Wendy; Stephenson, John; Edward, Karen-leigh.

In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 27, No. 23-24, 01.12.2018, p. 4245-4256.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Young adults’ knowledge and attitudes towards Cardiovascular Disease

T2 - Journal of Clinical Nursing

AU - Trejo, Ronald

AU - Cross, Wendy

AU - Stephenson, John

AU - Edward, Karen-leigh

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - Aims and objectives: To explore young adult’s knowledge and attitudes of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. Background: Cardiovascular disease morbidity is rising and mortality is declining among young adults. However, the knowledge of cardiovascular disease by young adults is not well known.Design: A systematic review with meta-analysis was used.Methods: The databases of CINHAL, Medline Complete, PsychINFO and Psycharticles were searched for all studies published before June 2016. Search terms included cardiovascular disease, young adult, attitude and knowledge. Papers were included if they were published in English and reported quantitative research with a study population between the ages of 18 to 34 years, with a focus on knowledge and attitudes to cardiovascular disease. Meta-analyses were conducted to assess the extent of knowledge of risk factors on heart disease. Results: Nine risk factors for cardiovascular disease were identified by the respondents; smoking (synthesized estimate of 55% of respondents identifying as a risk factor, 95% confidence interval of synthesized estimate 45-65%); obesity (27%, 95% CI, 26-29%); high blood cholesterol (33%, 95% CI, 12-54%); high blood pressure (25%, 95% CI, 18-32%); genetic factors (26%, 95% CI, 23-29%); physical inactivity (39%, 95% CI, 30-47%); stress (49%, 95% CI, 48-51%); advancing age (10%, 95% CI, 8-12%) and diet (55%, 95% CI, 54-56%). Conclusion: Young adults demonstrate limited knowledge and poor attitudes regarding cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. The finding of this review demonstrates that there is an urgent need to build knowledge of cardiovascular risk identification in this population group.Relevance to clinical practice: Increasing cardiovascular disease in young adults will put stress in the health care system financially and economically. There is a need of awareness of cardiovascular disease in this population group.

AB - Aims and objectives: To explore young adult’s knowledge and attitudes of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. Background: Cardiovascular disease morbidity is rising and mortality is declining among young adults. However, the knowledge of cardiovascular disease by young adults is not well known.Design: A systematic review with meta-analysis was used.Methods: The databases of CINHAL, Medline Complete, PsychINFO and Psycharticles were searched for all studies published before June 2016. Search terms included cardiovascular disease, young adult, attitude and knowledge. Papers were included if they were published in English and reported quantitative research with a study population between the ages of 18 to 34 years, with a focus on knowledge and attitudes to cardiovascular disease. Meta-analyses were conducted to assess the extent of knowledge of risk factors on heart disease. Results: Nine risk factors for cardiovascular disease were identified by the respondents; smoking (synthesized estimate of 55% of respondents identifying as a risk factor, 95% confidence interval of synthesized estimate 45-65%); obesity (27%, 95% CI, 26-29%); high blood cholesterol (33%, 95% CI, 12-54%); high blood pressure (25%, 95% CI, 18-32%); genetic factors (26%, 95% CI, 23-29%); physical inactivity (39%, 95% CI, 30-47%); stress (49%, 95% CI, 48-51%); advancing age (10%, 95% CI, 8-12%) and diet (55%, 95% CI, 54-56%). Conclusion: Young adults demonstrate limited knowledge and poor attitudes regarding cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. The finding of this review demonstrates that there is an urgent need to build knowledge of cardiovascular risk identification in this population group.Relevance to clinical practice: Increasing cardiovascular disease in young adults will put stress in the health care system financially and economically. There is a need of awareness of cardiovascular disease in this population group.

KW - attitude

KW - cardiovascular disease

KW - knowledge

KW - risk factors

KW - young adults

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056087772&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jocn.14517

DO - 10.1111/jocn.14517

M3 - Review article

VL - 27

SP - 4245

EP - 4256

JO - Journal of Clinical Nursing

JF - Journal of Clinical Nursing

SN - 0962-1067

IS - 23-24

ER -